JOURNAL ARTICLE

Serum levels of autoantibodies to BP180 correlate with disease activity in patients with bullous pemphigoid

E Schmidt, K Obe, E B Bröcker, D Zillikens
Archives of Dermatology 2000, 136 (2): 174-8
10677092

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible correlation of levels of circulating anti-BP180 autoantibodies with disease activity in bullous pemphigoid (BP).

DESIGN: Diagnostic study.

SETTING: Regional referral center at a university dermatology department.

PATIENTS: Fifteen patients with typical clinical, histologic, and immunofluorescence findings of BP who had not received prior systemic treatment.

INTERVENTIONS: Initially, 6 consecutive patients with BP were treated with oral doxycycline and niacinamide. Subsequently, 9 consecutive patients with BP received a combination of oral dapsone and prednisolone.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Disease activity, serum levels of autoantibodies to BP180, and titers of antibasement membrane zone autoantibodies were assayed before initiation of treatment and 4 and 8 weeks later. Reactivity to BP180 was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using a recombinant form of BP180 NC16A. Titers of anti-basement membrane zone autoantibodies were assayed by indirect immunofluorescence on 1-mol/L sodium chloride-split human skin.

RESULTS: In both treatment groups, disease activity correlated with serum levels of autoantibodies to BP180 NC16A (P = .004 [dapsone-prednisolone] and .007 [doxycycline-niacinamide]). No correlation was seen between disease activity and indirect immunofluorescence reactivity (P = .18 and .16, respectively). In patients receiving dapsone plus prednisolone, the dose of corticosteroids necessary to suppress new blister formation correlated with anti-BP180 reactivity (P = .002).

CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to indirect immunofluorescence reactivity that reflects reactivity to both BP 180 and BP230, serum levels of autoantibodies to BP180 correlate with disease activity in BP. Assaying reactivity to BP180 should be a helpful guide for the therapeutic management of patients with this disease. Our results underline the pathogenic relevance of autoantibodies to human BP180.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
10677092
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"