Very early diagnosis and risk stratification of patients admitted with suspected acute myocardial infarction by the combined evaluation of a single serum value of cardiac troponin-T, myoglobin, and creatine kinase MB(mass)

B Jurlander, P Clemmensen, G S Wagner, P Grande
European Heart Journal 2000, 21 (5): 382-9

AIMS: The diagnostic and prognostic capacity of biochemical markers of acute myocardial infarction in the emergency department were evaluated in consecutive patients (n=155) with suspected acute myocardial infarction.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Serum myoglobin >/=110 microg. l(-1)and creatine kinase MB(mass)>/=5 microg. l(-1)had a high accuracy (0.77-0.85) (ns) for acute myocardial infarction diagnosis in patients presenting >2 h after symptom onset. Troponin-T (>/=0.10 microg. l(-1)) had a lower accuracy (0.53-0.70) for acute myocardial infarction diagnosis, but was the most important 1-year prognostic marker (cardiac death or non-fatal acute myocardial infarction). In patients without ST elevation, combined analysis of two biochemical tests would accurately identify an additional 20% of acute myocardial infarction patients (predictive value of a positive test=0.82) and also identify those without acute myocardial infarction (predictive value of a negative test=0.80). One-year event-free survival was excellent (96%) for patients with two negative biochemical tests, intermediate (74%) for those with discordant tests, and only 53% for patients with two positive biochemical tests.

CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of biochemical tests in the emergency department prior to hospital admission could accurately identify approximately 20% additional acute myocardial infarction patients. The prognosis of these patients is poor, and they may be a target for primary PTCA or new early initiated aggressive medical therapies.

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