Color duplex ultrasonography in large-vessel giant cell arteritis

W A Schmidt, H E Kraft, A Borkowski, E J Gromnica-Ihle
Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 1999, 28 (6): 374-6
In a patient with active extracranial giant cell arteritis, duplex ultrasonography demonstrated hypoechoic mural thickening of the brachial, axillary, subclavian, and carotid arteries with bilateral subtotal occlusions of the brachial and axillary arteries. The ultrasound image of the artery walls became midechoic within 8 weeks, and hyperechoic within one year after start of treatment with corticosteroids. A similar hypoechoic mural thickening of the temporal arteries has been recently described in active giant cell arteritis. The dark ultrasound image is due to an edema of the vessel wall in the acute stage. The brighter ultrasound image might be due to fibrosis in the chronic stage of the disease.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.