The use of different buffers during continuous hemofiltration in critically ill patients with acute renal failure

P Heering, K Ivens, O Thümer, S Morgera, M Heintzen, J Passlick-Deetjen, R Willers, B E Strauer, B Grabensee
Intensive Care Medicine 1999, 25 (11): 1244-51

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of different hemofiltration (HF) replacement fluids on the acid-base status and cardiovascular hemodynamics in patients with acute renal failure (ARF) and continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH).

DESIGN: Prospective, cohort study.

SETTING: Intensive Care Unit of the Heinrich Heine University Hospital, Düsseldorf, Germany.

SUBJECT AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-two critically ill patients with acute renal failure and continuous veno-venous HF were studied. Fifty-two patients were subjected to lactate-based (group 1), and 32 to acetate-based hemofiltration (group 2) while 48 (group 3) were treated with bicarbonate-based buffer hemofiltration fluid. Fifty-seven had a septic, and 75 a cardiovascular, origin of the ARF. Creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum bicarbonate, arterial pH, lactate and Apache II scores were noted daily.

MAIN RESULTS: The mean CVVH duration was 9.8 +/- 8.1 days, mortality was 65%. No difference was present between the groups under investigation with regard to the main clinical parameters. Lactate- and bicarbonate-based hemofiltration led to significantly higher serum bicarbonate and arterial pH values as compared to the acetate-based hemofiltration. Serum bicarbonate values at 48 h after the initiation of CVVH treatment were 25.7 +/- 3.8 mmol/l (p < 0.001) in group 1, 20.6 +/- 3.1 mmol/l in group 2 and 23.3 +/- 3.9 mmol/l (p < 0.001) in group 3. While a lack of increase in serum bicarbonate and arterial pH was correlated to poor prognosis in lactate- and bicarbonate-based hemofiltration, no such observation was made in acetate-based hemofiltration. Cardiovascular hemodynamics were superior in patients treated with lactate- and bicarbonate-based buffer solution as compared to those treated with acetate-based buffer solution.

CONCLUSIONS: The degree of correction of acidosis during hemofiltration was determined by patient outcome in patients treated with lactate- and bicarbonate-based buffer solutions, but not in patients receiving acetate-buffered solution. Bicarbonate and lactate-based buffer solutions were found to be superior to acetate-based replacement fluid.

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