Treatment of polycythaemia vera and essential thrombocythaemia

A Tefferi, M N Silverstein
Baillière's Clinical Haematology 1998, 11 (4): 769-85
The clinical course in both polycythaemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythaemia (ET) is characterized by significant thrombohaemorrhagic complications and variable risk of disease transformation into myeloid metaplasia with myelofibrosis or acute myeloid leukaemia. Randomized studies have shown that the risk of thrombosis was significantly reduced in ET with the use of hydroxyurea (HU) and in PV with the use of chlorambucil or 32P. However, the use of chlorambucil or 32P has been associated with an increased risk of leukaemic transformation. Subsequently, other studies have suggested that both HU and pipobroman may be less leukaemogenic and as effective as chlorambucil and 32P for preventing thrombosis in PV. However, the results from these prospective studies have raised concern that even HU and pipobroman may be associated with excess leukaemic events in both ET and PV. The recent introduction of anagrelide as a specific platelet-lowering agent, the demonstration of treatment efficacy with interferon-alpha, and the revived interest in using low-dose acetylsalicylic acid provide the opportunity to initiate prospective randomized studies incorporating these treatments.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"