JOURNAL ARTICLE

The expression of adhesion molecules on endothelial cells is inhibited by troglitazone through its antioxidant activity

L Cominacini, U Garbin, A F Pasini, A Davoli, M Campagnola, A Rigoni, L Tosetti, V Lo Cascio
Cell Adhesion and Communication 1999, 7 (3): 223-31
10626906
The adhesion of monocytes to endothelium, an early event in atherosclerosis, is mediated by cell adhesion molecules. Signal-transduction pathways for these binding molecules include the translocation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB; moreover, intracellularly generated oxygen-derived free radicals (ODFR) play a major role in this process. This study evaluated the extent to which troglitazone, an oral antidiabetic agent with antioxidant properties, affects the expression of intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and E-selectin on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), induced by different prooxidant signals such as oxidized LDL and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Furthermore we assessed whether the NF-kappaB activation is modulated by the antioxidative effect of troglitazone. Oxidized LDL not only caused a dose-dependent increase of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin (p<0.001), but also synergically increased their TNF-alpha-induced expression (p<0.001). Troglitazone reduced in a dose-dependent manner the expression of VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and E-selectin induced by different amounts of oxidized LDL (p<0.001). The addition of troglitazone to HUVECs significantly reduced the expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin induced by TNF-alpha alone or in combination with oxidized LDL (p<0.001); this reduction was paralleled by a significant fall in NF-kappaB translocation. The results suggest that troglitazone may have prevented NF-kappaB-mediated adhesion molecule expression by exerting its antioxidant effect on ODFR.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
10626906
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"