Electrocardiographic differentiation between right coronary and left circumflex coronary arterial occlusion in isolated inferior wall myocardial infarction

A Gupta, Y Y Lokhandwala, P G Kerkar, A M Vora
Indian Heart Journal 1999, 51 (3): 281-4
The presence of atrioventricular block and ST segment elevation in lead V4R accurately predicts right coronary artery occlusion in patients with inferior wall myocardial infarction. However, these electrocardiographic signs are absent in the majority of patients with inferior myocardial infarction. We studied ST segment elevation in leads II and III, ST segment in lead I and T wave polarity in lead V4R in order to differentiate between right coronary artery and left circumflex coronary artery occlusions in 104 patients with inferior myocardial infarction who subsequently underwent coronary angiography. The ST segment elevation was greater in lead III than in lead II when the right coronary artery was the culprit vessel and vice versa when the left circumflex was the culprit vessel (p < 0.001). An upright T wave in lead V4R and ST segment depression in lead I was common when the right coronary artery was the culprit vessel and not seen with left circumflex occlusion (p < 0.001). ST segment elevation in lead III was higher than in lead II with a sensitivity of 99 percent and a specificity of 100 percent for diagnosing right coronary artery as the culprit vessel. ST segment elevation in lead II was higher than in lead III with a sensitivity of 93 percent and a specificity of 100 percent in identifying the left circumflex as the culprit vessel. Thus, these signs are very useful in identifying the culprit vessel in inferior myocardial infarction.


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