Clinical experience with a proximally porous-coated second-generation cementless total hip prosthesis: minimum 5-year follow-up

M A Mont, T R Yoon, K A Krackow, D S Hungerford
Journal of Arthroplasty 1999, 14 (8): 930-9
This study reports the minimum 5-year follow-up of our experience with the Porous-Coated Anatomic E (PCA-E) series femoral stem and the modular acetabular cup. A total of 115 consecutive total hip replacements using PCA-E series (Howmedica, Rutherford, NJ) were performed in 108 patients. Six patients whose hips were performing well clinically died before 5-year follow-up and were excluded from the final evaluation. The remaining 109 hips (102 patients) were assessed at a mean follow-up of 72 months (range, 60-84 months). The hip diagnoses were osteoarthritis in 73, osteonecrosis in 31, rheumatoid arthritis in 2, and hip dysplasia in 3. The mean age was 56 years (range, 24-83 years). Three hips were revised: 1 because of late hematogenous infection, 1 because of aseptic loosening of the femoral component, and 1 because of postoperative loosening of an acetabular component. The Harris hip scores improved from a mean of 50 points (range, 20-66 points) preoperatively to a mean of 92 points (range, 64-100 points) at final follow-up. The score differed in each Charnley functional class, with a mean of 93 points (range, 72-100 points) in 57 hips of class A (no other joint involvement); 90 points (range, 58-100 points) in 26 hips of class B (opposite hip involvement); and 85 points (range, 37-100 points) in 26 hips of class C (multiple joint involvement or severe systemic disease). Out of 106 hips that had a full radiographic evaluation performed, 103 femoral components revealed stable bony ingrowth, 2 revealed stable fibrous ingrowth, and 1 showed migration with progressive loosening. This patient with radiographic loosening has minimal symptoms and has not required or been offered further surgery (Harris hip score of 86 points). The low aseptic loosening rate (2%) at minimum 5-year follow-up compares favorably with any cemented or cementless series. The osteolysis that was seen was focal and localized. The short follow-up does not allow determination of progression. There were no cases of distal osteolysis. We attribute the improved results from reported first-generation experience to multiple factors, including increased number of sizes (9 vs 6), increased proportional metaphyseal size, improved polyethylene manufacture (ram extruded vs machined), improved acetabular locking mechanism, and change to 26-mm from 32-mm femoral heads.

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