Postnatal development of cyclooxygenase-2 in the rat kidney

C P Vio, C Balestrini, M Recabarren, C Cespedes
Immunopharmacology 1999 October 15, 44 (1-2): 205-10
Prostaglandins are local mediators/modulators of kinin effects in the kidney. The prostaglandin G2/H2 synthase (cyclooxygenase, COX) is the key regulatory enzyme of prostanoid synthesis pathway. Two COX isoenzymes (constitutive or COX-1 and inducible or COX-2) have been described in the rat kidney. We have demonstrated the presence of COX-2 in a subset of thick ascending limb of Henle (TAL) cells in normal adult rats [Vio, C.P., Cespedes, C., Gallardo, P., Masferrer, J.L., 1997. Renal identification of cyclooxygenase-2 in a subset of thick ascending limb cells. Hypertension 30, 687-692]. The present work was designed to evaluate COX-2 during the postnatal development of the rat kidney. Kidneys from Sprague-Dawley rats were studied during postnatal days 5, 10, 15 days and adult (60 days) (n = 8 each group). Renal tissue was immunostained with specific antibodies against COX-2. COX-2 was observed exclusively in TAL. A small number of COX-2 cells were observed during early postnatal life, increasing from day 5 to 15, and decreasing thereafter to reach adult levels. During maximal expression, near 20% of TAL were COX-2 positive whereas in early postnatal period and adults, only 2% of TAL cells contain COX-2. This transient induction of COX-2 during development suggest that the enzyme is necessary for the postnatal development of the kidney. This change in COX-2 seems to correspond to a derepression of COX-2 gene expression secondary to low levels of glucocorticoids.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"