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Accuracy of sonographically estimated fetal weight with and without oligohydramnios. A case-control study.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of sonographically estimated fetal weight among women with and without oligohydramnios (amniotic fluid index [AFI] < or = 5.0 cm) and to ascertain the ability to detect fetal growth restriction (FGR) (estimated birth weight < 10th percentile for gestational age [GA]) among patients in two groups.

STUDY DESIGN: Assuming that 50% of sonographic predictions are within 10% of the birth weight in the study group, 300 parturients are necessary to show a difference of 15% among controls (alpha = .05, beta = .02). The study group consisted of parturients with a reliable GA of > or = 24, no known anomalies and known AFI of < or = 5.0 cm. The control (1:1) was the next patient with the same GA but AFI between 5.1 and 23.9 cm. The paired t test was used, and the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. P < .05 was considered significant.

RESULTS: Among the study and control groups (N = 162 each), maternal demographics, mean estimate (P = .078) and actual birth weight (P = .091) were similar. Sonographic estimates within 10% of weight were not significantly different among those with (57%) and without oligohydramnios (59%; OR 0.92; 95% CI 0.59, 1.44). The frequency of FGR was higher among those with inadequate fluid (18%) than controls (9%; OR 2.13; 95% CI 1.10, 4.16). Sensitivity, positive predictive value and likelihood ratio were higher among those with oligohydramnios (76%, 78% and 16) than controls (53%, 42% and 7).

CONCLUSION: The accuracy of sonographic estimates of fetal weight is not influenced by whether the parturient has oligohydramnios. Moreover, the accuracy of identifying FGR is not diminished among those with AFI < or = 5.0 versus > 5.0 cm.

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