RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Evidence that elevated glucose causes altered gene expression, apoptosis, and neural tube defects in a mouse model of diabetic pregnancy.

Diabetes 1999 December
Congenital malformations, including neural tube defects (NTDs), are significantly increased in the offspring of diabetic mothers. We previously reported that in the embryos of a mouse model of diabetic pregnancy, NTDs are associated with reduced expression of the gene Pax-3, which encodes a transcription factor that regulates neural tube development, and that reduced expression of Pax-3 leads to neuroepithelial apoptosis. In this study, we used three approaches to test whether glucose alone could be responsible for these adverse effects of diabetes on embryonic development. First, primary culture of embryo tissue in medium containing 15 mmol/l glucose inhibited Pax-3 expression compared with culture in medium containing 5 mmol/l glucose. Second, inducing hyperglycemia in pregnant mice by subcutaneous glucose administration significantly inhibited Pax-3 expression (P < 0.05), as demonstrated by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay of Pax-3 mRNA, and also increased neural tube apoptosis (P < 0.05). NTDs were significantly increased in glucose-injected pregnancies when blood glucose levels were >250 mg/dl (P < 0.002) but not in moderately hyperglycemic pregnancies (150-250 mg/dl, P = 0.37). Third, phlorizin administration to pregnant diabetic mice reduced blood glucose levels and the rate of NTDs. As seen with glucose-injected pregnancies, the rate of NTDs in phlorizin-treated diabetic pregnancies was related to the severity of hyperglycemia, since NTDs were significantly increased in severely hyperglycemic (>250 mg/dl) diabetic pregnancies (P < 0.001) but not in moderately hyperglycemic pregnancies (150-250 mg/dl, P = 0.35). These two findings, that elevated glucose alone can cause the changes in Pax-3 expression observed during diabetic pregnancy and that the NTD rate rises with significant increases in blood glucose levels, suggest that congenital malformations associated with diabetic pregnancy are caused by disruption of regulatory gene expression in the embryo in response to elevated glucose.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app