Characterization of a biosurfactant, mannosylerythritol lipid produced from Candida sp. SY16

H S Kim, B D Yoon, D H Choung, H M Oh, T Katsuragi, Y Tani
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 1999, 52 (5): 713-21
One yeast strain, SY16, was selected as a potential producer of a biosurfactant, and identified as a Candida species. A biosurfactant produced from Candida sp. SY16 was purified and confirmed to be a glycolipid. This glycolipid-type biosurfactant lowered the surface tension of water to 29 dyne/cm at critical micelle concentration of 10 mg/l (1.5 x 10(-5) M), and the minimum interfacial tension was 0.1 dyne/cm against kerosene. Thin-layer and high-pressure liquid chromatography studies demonstrated that the glycolipid contained mannosylerythritol as a hydrophilic moiety. The hydrophilic sugar moiety of the biosurfactant was determined to be beta-D-mannopyranosyl-(1-->4)-O-meso-erythritol by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and fast atom bombardment mass-spectroscopy analyses. The hydrophobic moiety, fatty acids, of the biosurfactant was determined to be hexanoic, dodecanoic, tetradecanoic, and tetradecenoic acid by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. The structure of the native biosurfactant was determined to be 6-O-acetyl-2,3-di-O-alkanoyl-beta-D-mannopyranosyl-(1-->4)-O-meso- erythritol by NMR analyses. We newly determined that an acetyl group was linked to the C-6 position of the D-mannose unit in the hydrophilic sugar moiety.

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