RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Route of estrogen administration helps to determine growth hormone (GH) replacement dose in GH-deficient adults.

We prospectively studied two groups of GH-deficient patients during GH therapy based upon exposure of the liver to elevated (oral estrogen) or not elevated (endogenous or transdermal) sources of estrogen. We wondered whether higher concentrations of estrogen at the liver level (oral estrogen) might inhibit insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) secretion and alter exogenous GH requirements. In this study we compared GH replacement requirements in these two groups of women as well as with GH-treated adult hypopituitary males. The final GH dose was based upon maintenance IGF-I levels in the mid- to high normal range adjusted for age and sex or symptom tolerance. Each group [women taking oral estrogen (n = 12), women not taking oral estrogen (n = 13), and men (n = 12)] was similar in age and final IGF-I concentration. Women taking oral estrogen required 10.6 +/- 0.7 microg/kg x day or 867 +/- 45 microg/day GH, women not taking oral estrogen required 5.0 +/- 0.7 microg/kg x day or 424 +/- 57 microg/day, and men required 4.1 +/- 0.6 microg/kg x day or 376 +/- 49 microg/day to achieve similar IGF-I concentrations. GH requirements in men were not different from those in women not taking oral estrogen, but the GH requirements in both groups were significantly different from GH requirements in women taking oral estrogen. These observations may be useful in anticipating appropriate starting and final doses of GH in adult hypopituitary patients.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app