JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Continuous spike-and-wave activity during slow-wave sleep: syndrome or EEG pattern?

Epilepsia 1999 November
PURPOSE: We reviewed the electroclinical pictures and clinical characteristics of 32 patients with continuous spike-and-wave activity during slow sleep (CSWS) to ascertain to what extent this electroencephalogram (EEG) pattern is associated with the age-related CSWS syndrome as defined by the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) International Classification or with different clinical settings.

METHODS: We reviewed clinical and EEG characteristics of 32 CSWS patients.

RESULTS: In all patients, detection of CSWS coincided with a worsening of neurologic status. Ten (34%) patients had the typical features of CSWS syndrome, four were classified as having Landau-Kleffner syndrome, and three had acquired opercular syndromes. The remaining 15 patients, all with symptomatic epilepsy, had CSWS, which lasted for variable periods and might be related to inappropriate drug choice. Three patients of this group had unilateral CSWS and exhibited worsening of spontaneous movements in the hemibody contralateral to CSWS activity lasting for a few hours after awakening.

CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that a number of factors can intervene in the genesis of CSWS, which may explain the variability of the associated clinical conditions. In view of this etiologic heterogeneity, it is not possible to classify all the patients with CSWS as having the CSWS syndrome. Therefore, the CSWS syndrome should be considered a category embracing a limited group of patients, whereas the EEG pattern of CSWS is seen commonly in various clinical conditions.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app