JOURNAL ARTICLE

Evaluation of the hemodynamic relationship between the left atrium and left ventricle during atrial systole by pulsed tissue Doppler imaging in patients with left heart failure

M Abe, T Oki, T Tabata, H Yamada, Y Onose, M Matsuoka, Y Mishiro, T Wakatsuki, S Ito
Japanese Circulation Journal 1999, 63 (10): 763-9
10553918
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the hemodynamic relationship between the left atrium (LA) and left ventricle (LV) during atrial systole in the presence of an elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and LV failure using pulsed tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Fifty-three patients with LV systolic dysfunction and no regional LV asynergy were divided into 3 groups: relaxation failure group (RF, n=20) with a ratio of peak early diastolic to atrial systolic velocity of the transmitral flow (E/A) < or = 1; pseudonormalization group (PN, n=19) with 1 <E/A<2; and restrictive group (RS, n=14) with E/A> or =2. In addition, 20 normal patients (E/A > or = 1) were studied as a control group. The transmitral and pulmonary venous flow velocities were recorded by transesophageal pulsed Doppler echocardiography. The wall motion velocity patterns were recorded at the middle portion of the LV posterior wall (LVPW) and at the mitral annulus (MA) of the LVPW site in the apical LV long-axis view by transthoracic pulsed TDI. The LVEDP was significantly greater in the PN and RS groups than in the RF and control groups. The moan pulmonary capillary wedge pressure was greatest in the RS group. The percent fractional change of the LA area during atrial systole determined by 2-dimensional echocardiography was significantly lower in the RS group than in the PN group. The peak atrial systolic pulmonary venous flow velocity was significantly greater in the PN group than in the RS group. The peak atrial systolic motion velocity (Aw) at the LVPW was significantly lower in the PN and RS groups than in the RF and control groups. The Aw at the MA was significantly lower in the RS group than in the other groups. There was no significant difference in Aw between the LVPW and MA in the RS group, whereas Aw at the MA was significantly greater than that at the LVPW in the PN group. In conclusion, the measurements of Aw at the LVPW and MA can be used to noninvasively evaluate the hemodynamic relationship between the LA and LV during atrial systole in patients with LV failure.

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