Angiotensin II receptor blockade during gestation attenuates collagen formation in the developing rat heart

S Lamparter, Y Sun, K T Weber
Cardiovascular Research 1999, 43 (1): 165-72

OBJECTIVE: Fetal cardiac development includes rapid formation of a three-dimensional collagen network, composed mainly of type I and III fibrillar collagens. Collagen fibrils have been found in cardiac jelly at very early stages of cardiac development and are thought to have structural and functional properties. In adult rat cardiac tissue, angiotensin II (AngII) via AT1 receptor binding and AngII-regulated expression of transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta 1) each upregulate collagen transcription. AT1 and AT2 receptor subtypes are developmentally regulated; both have been localized in fetal tissue where the AT2 receptor is considered a determinant of morphogenesis. We sought to determine whether blockade of either receptor would result in attenuation of collagen mRNA expression and fibrillar collagen accumulation and alter TGF-beta 1 mRNA expression in the developing fetal heart examined at birth.

METHODS: Pregnant rats were treated either with an AT1 receptor antagonist losartan or an AT2 receptor antagonist PD123319 and compared with untreated age-matched controls. Offspring were studied within 24 h of birth. Type I and type III collagen mRNA expression, as well as TGF-beta 1 mRNA expression, were examined by in situ hybridization. Collagen concentration was determined spectrophotometrically by picrosirius red staining and type I and III collagens were detected by immunoblotting.

RESULTS: We found: (1) comparable birth weights in control and PD123319-treated animals, but reduced body weight in newborn losartan-treated animals; (2) compared to untreated animals, type I collagen and TGF-beta 1 mRNA expression in cardiac tissue were each equally reduced in both losartan and PD123319-treated animals; (3) increased type III collagen mRNA expression in both PD123319- and losartan-treated groups; and (4) a significant decrease in total soluble cardiac collagen concentration in both losartan and PD123319-treated groups, confirmed by attenuated immunoreactivity of type I and III collagens in whole heart extracts by Western blotting.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of these pharmacologic interventions suggest AngII receptors are expressed in cardiac tissue during gestation, where both AT1 and AT2 receptors are involved in the regulation of type I and III collagen expression and structural protein accumulation. These effects appear to be mediated, in part, by attenuated cardiac TGF-beta 1 levels. The marked decrease in newborn cardiac collagen content has yet undefined functional consequences.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"