Combined hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal defect in a hypogonadic man with a novel mutation in the DAX-1 gene

P Caron, S Imbeaud, A Bennet, M Plantavid, G Camerino, P Rochiccioli
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 1999, 84 (10): 3563-9
We have studied a 20-yr-old male patient with adrenal hypoplasia congenita and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) due to a C to A transversion at nucleotide 825 in the DAX-1 gene, resulting in a stop codon at position 197. The same mutation was detected in his affected first cousin (adrenal hypoplasia congenita and HH) and in a heterozygous state in their carrier mothers. The patient had had acute adrenal insufficiency at the age of 2 yr and 6 months, bilateral cryptorchidism corrected surgically at the age of 12 yr, and failure of spontaneous puberty. Plasma testostereone (T) was undetectable (<0.30 nmol/L), gonadotropin levels were low (LH, <0.4 IU/L; FSH, 1.5 IU/L) and not stimulated after i.v. injection of 100 microg GnRH. The endogenous LH secretory pattern was apulsatile, whereas free alpha-subunit (FAS) levels depicted erratic pulses, suggesting an incomplete deficiency of hypothalamic GnRH secretion. During i.v. pulsatile GnRH administration (10 microg/pulse every 90 min for 40 h), each GnRH pulse induced a LH response of low amplitude (0.54 +/- 0.05 UI/L), whereas mean LH (0.45 +/- 0.01 IU/L) and FAS (63 +/- 8 mU/L) levels remained low. Amplitude of LH peaks (0.83 +/- 0.09 IU/L), mean LH (0.53 +/- 0.02 IU/L), and FAS (161 +/- 18 mU/L) levels increased (P < 0.01), whereas the T concentration remained low (0.75 nmol/L) when the pulsatile GnRH regimen was raised to 20 microg/pulse for a 40-h period, suggesting a partial pituitary resistance to GnRH. Thereafter, plasma T levels remained in prepubertal value after three daily im injections of 5000 IU hCG (3.6 nmol/L) and after 1-yr treatment with weekly i.m. injections of 1500 IU hCG (1.2 nmol/L), implying Leydig cell resistance to hCG. The patient had a growth spurt, bone maturation, progression of genital and pubic hair stages, and normalization of plasma T level (15.8 nmol/L) after a 12-month treatment with twice weekly injections of hCG and human menopausal gonadotropin (75 IU International Reference Preparation 2) preparations, suggesting that, in presence of FSH, a Sertoli cell-secreted factor stimulated Leydig cell production of T. In conclusion, we report a novel mutation in the DAX-1 gene in patients with AHC and HH. Our results suggest that the hypogonadism is due to a combined hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal defect and imply that the DAX-1 gene may play a critical role in human testicular function.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"