COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Comparison of systemic and regional effects of dobutamine and dopexamine in norepinephrine-treated septic shock

B Levy, L Nace, P E Bollaert, B Dousset, J P Mallie, A Larcan
Intensive Care Medicine 1999, 25 (9): 942-8
10501749

OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of dobutamine and dopexamine on systemic hemodynamics, lactate metabolism, renal function and the intramucosal-arterial PCO(2) gap in norepinephrine-treated septic shock.

DESIGN: A prospective, interventional, randomized clinical trial.

SETTING: Adult medical/surgical intensive care unit in a university hospital.

PATIENTS: After volume resuscitation, 24 patients were treated with norepinephrine alone titrated to obtain a mean arterial pressure of 75 mmHg and a cardiac index greater than 3. 5 l/min(-1). m(-2).

INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized to receive an infusion of dobutamine (n = 12) (5 microg/kg per min) or dopexamine (n = 12) (1 microg/kg per min).

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Baseline measurements included: hemodynamic parameters, renal parameters (diuresis, creatinine clearance and urinary sodium excretion), gastric mucosal-arterial PCO(2) gap, arterial and mixed venous gases and arterial lactate and pyruvate levels. These measurements were repeated after 1 (H(1)), 4 (H(4)) and 24 (H(24)) h. No difference was found between dobutamine and dopexamine among H(0) and H(1), H(4) and H(24) values for hemodynamics. Dobutamine and dopexamine at low doses had no significant effect on mean arterial pressure, heart rate, cardiac index, oxygen delivery, oxygen consumption and pulmonary artery occlusion pressure. No patients developed arrhythmia or electrocardiographic signs of myocardial ischemia. After 4 and 24 h lactate concentration decreased in the dobutamine group from 2.4 +/- 1 mmol/l to 1.7 +/- 0. 7 mmol/l and 1.5 +/- 0.4 mmol/l, respectively, while it increased in the dopexamine group from 2.3 +/- 1 mmol/l to 2.7 +/- 1 mmol/l after 4 h and returned to baseline values after 24 h (2.2 +/- 0.6). After 24 h the lactate/pyruvate ratio decreased in the dobutamine group from 15 +/- 5 to 12 +/- 3 (p < 0.05) while it was unchanged in the dopexamine group (from 16 +/- 6 to 17 +/- 4). Arterial pH increased in the dobutamine group from 7.35 +/- 0.05 to 7.38 +/- 0.07 (p < 0. 05) while it was unchanged in the dopexamine group (from 7.34 +/- 0. 01 to 7.35 +/- 0.10). The PCO(2) gap decreased after 1 and 4 h in both the dobutamine and dopexamine groups (p < 0.05 with respect to baseline). When looking at individual responses, however, patients from both groups exhibited an increased gastric PCO(2) gap. No difference was found between dobutamine and dopexamine for renal parameters.

CONCLUSIONS: In norepinephrine-treated septic shock, low doses of neither dobutamine nor dopexamine caused significant effects on systemic hemodynamics and renal function and both dobutamine and dopexamine inconsistently improved the PCO(2) gap. The present results support the need for individual measurement of the effects of catecholamine on the PCO(2) gap.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
10501749
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"