JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Recurrence patterns of hepatocellular and fibrolamellar carcinoma after liver transplantation.

PURPOSE: Tumor recurrence is the major limitation of long-term survival after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or fibrolamellar carcinoma (FLC). Understanding tumor-biologic characteristics is important for selection of patients and for development of adjuvant therapeutic strategies.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 69 patients who underwent potentially curative liver transplantation for HCC/FLC and survived for more than 150 days; minimum follow-up was 33 months. Frequency, localization, and timing of recurrence were analyzed and compared with primary tumor and patient characteristics.

RESULTS: Tumor recurrence was observed in 39 patients at 67 locations. Hematogenous spread was the major route of tumor recurrence (87%), and the most frequent sites were the liver (62%), lung (56%), and bone (18%). Parameters associated with recurrence were absence of cirrhosis, tumor size greater than 5 cm, more than five nodules, vascular infiltration, and International Union Against Cancer (UICC) stage IVA. Selective intrahepatic recurrence was found in nine patients (23%); it was associated with highly differentiated tumors, lack of vascular infiltration, and male sex. Recurrence at multiple sites was found predominantly in young patients (< or = 40 years) and for multicentric (> 5) primary tumors. Recurrences were observed within a wide time range after transplantation (43 to 3,204 days; median, 441 days); late recurrences (> 1,000 days, n = 8) were associated with highly differentiated or fibrolamellar tumors and low UICC stages. Surgical treatment was the only therapeutic option associated with prolonged survival after recurrence.

CONCLUSION: In transplant recipients, hepatocellular carcinomas vary considerably in their pattern and kinetics of metastases. Tumor cells may persist in a dormant state for long time periods before giving rise to clinical metastases. Surgical treatment of recurrence should be considered whenever possible.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app