JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Functional disorders of the anus and rectum

W E Whitehead, A Wald, N E Diamant, P Enck, J H Pemberton, S S Rao
Gut 1999, 45: II55-9
10457046
In this report the functional anorectal disorders, the etiology of which is currently unknown or related to the abnormal functioning of normally innervated and structurally intact muscles, are discussed. These disorders include functional fecal incontinence, functional anorectal pain, including levator ani syndrome and proctalgia fugax, and pelvic floor dyssynergia. The epidemiology of each disorder is defined and discussed, their pathophysiology is summarized and diagnostic approaches and treatment are suggested. Some suggestions for the direction of future research on these disorders are also given.

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