Attenuation of MHC class II expression in macrophages infected with Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin involves class II transactivator and depends on the Nramp1 gene

W Wojciechowski, J DeSanctis, E Skamene, D Radzioch
Journal of Immunology 1999 September 1, 163 (5): 2688-96
The natural resistance associated macrophage protein 1 (Nramp1) gene determines the ability of murine macrophages to control infection with a group of intracellular pathogens, including Salmonella typhimurium, Leishmania donovani, and Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). The expression of the resistant allele of the Nramp1 gene in murine macrophages is associated with a more efficient expression of several macrophage activation-associated genes, including class II MHC loci. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms involved in IFN-gamma-induced MHC class II expression in three types of macrophages: those expressing a wild-type allele of the Nramp1 gene (B10R and 129/Mphi), those carrying a susceptible form of the Nramp1 gene (B10S), and those derived from 129-Nramp1-knockout mice (129/Nramp1-KO). Previously, we published results showing that Ia protein expression is significantly higher in the IFN-gamma-induced B10R macrophages, compared with its susceptible counterpart. In this paper, we also show that the higher expression of Ia protein in B10R cells is associated with higher I-Abeta mRNA expression, which correlates with a higher level of IFN-gamma-induced phosphorylation of the STAT1-alpha protein and subsequently with elevated expression of class II transactivator (CIITA) mRNA, compared with B10S. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the infection of macrophages with M. bovis BCG results in a down-regulation of CIITA mRNA expression and, consequently, in the inhibition of Ia induction. Therefore, our data explain, at least in part, the molecular mechanism involved in the inhibition of I-Abeta gene expression in M. bovis BCG-infected macrophages activated with IFN-gamma.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"