Osteonecrosis of the femoral head

C J Lavernia, R J Sierra, F R Grieco
Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 1999, 7 (4): 250-61
New cases of osteonecrosis of the femoral head in the United States number between 10,000 and 20,000 per year. This disease usually affects patients in their late 30s and early 40s. Although a number of authors have related specific risk factors to this disease, its etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment remain a source of considerable controversy. This disorder has been associated with corticosteroid use, substance abuse, and various systemic medical conditions. Either direct damage to osteocytes (e.g., by toxin production) or indirect damage (e.g., due to disorders in fat metabolism or hypoxia) may lead to osteonecrosis. Patients at increased risk for osteonecrosis should be monitored closely. Unfortunately, most cases are diagnosed in an advanced stage of disease, when minimally invasive surgical procedures are no longer helpful. Furthermore, patients in the advanced stage of the disease must undergo total hip replacement at a young age, which carries a poor long-term prognosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.