The effect of acetabular cup orientations on limiting hip rotation

F J Kummer, S Shah, S Iyer, P E DiCesare
Journal of Arthroplasty 1999, 14 (4): 509-13
The orientation of the acetabular cup and position of lip augmentation (if present) may improve postoperative total hip replacement stability by decreasing dislocation caused by hip prosthesis impingement during rotation. To determine how these cup parameters affect dislocation, the range and amount of rotation for two standard femoral components was determined in a Sawbones hemipelvis model. The parameters that allowed for maximal range of rotation were a cup angle of inclination between 35 degrees and 45 degrees and cup anteversion between 0 degrees and 10 degrees. Cup anteversion angles greater than 20 degrees and cup angles of inclination greater than 45 degrees significantly limited internal and external rotation, particularly for hip flexion greater than 60 degrees. The position of the cup lip augmentation did not affect the amount of rotation except when the hip was flexed and the lip superiorly oriented. Although there are currently devices to facilitate a particular cup position, hip stem type and orientation are other important factors affecting range of rotation that must be considered.

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