The role of protein kinase C activation in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular complications

J Y Park, S W Ha, G L King
Peritoneal Dialysis International 1999, 19: S222-7
Many vascular diseases in diabetes are known to be associated with the activation of the diacylglycerol (DAG)-protein kinase C (PKC) pathway. The major source of DAG that is elevated in diabetes is de novo synthesis from glycolytic intermediates. Among the various PKC isoforms, the beta-isoform has been shown to be persistently activated in diabetic animals. Multiple lines of evidence have shown that many vascular alterations in diabetes--such as a decrease in the activity of Na+-K+-adenosine triphosphatase (Na+-K+-ATPase), and increases in extracellular matrix, cytokines, permeability, contractility, and cell proliferation--are caused by activation of PKC. Inhibition of PKC by two different kinds of PKC inhibitors, LY333531, a selective PKC-beta-isoform inhibitor, and d-alpha-tocopherol, were able to prevent or reverse the various vascular dysfunctions in diabetic rats. These results have also provided in vivo evidence that DAG-PKC activation could be responsible for the hyperglycemia-induced vascular dysfunctions in diabetes. Clinical studies are now being performed to clarify the pathogenic roles of the DAG-PKC pathway in developing vascular complications in diabetic patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"