Ventilatory chemosensitive adaptations to intermittent hypoxic exposure with endurance training and detraining

K Katayama, Y Sato, Y Morotome, N Shima, K Ishida, S Mori, M Miyamura
Journal of Applied Physiology 1999, 86 (6): 1805-11
The present study was performed to clarify the effects of intermittent exposure to an altitude of 4,500 m with endurance training and detraining on ventilatory chemosensitivity. Seven subjects (sea-level group) trained at sea level at 70% maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) for 30 min/day, 5 days/wk for 2 wk, whereas the other seven subjects (altitude group) trained at the same relative intensity (70% altitude VO2 max) in a hypobaric chamber. VO2 max, hypoxic ventilatory response (HVR), and hypercapnic ventilatory response, as an index of central hypercapnic chemosensitivity (HCVR) and as an index of peripheral chemosensitivity (HCVRSB), were measured. In both groups VO2 max increased significantly after training, and a significant loss of VO2 max occurred during 2 wk of detraining. HVR tended to increase in the altitude group but not significantly, whereas it decreased significantly in the sea-level group after training. HCVR and HCVRSB did not change in each group. After detraining, HVR returned to the pretraining level in both groups. These results suggest that ventilatory chemosensitivity to hypoxia is more variable by endurance training and detraining than that to hypercapnia.

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