OPEN IN READ APP
COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

QT dispersion in patients with end-stage renal failure and during hemodialysis

I Lorincz, J Mátyus, Z Zilahi, C Kun, Z Karányi, G Kakuk
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN 1999, 10 (6): 1297-302
10361868
Interlead variability of the QT interval in surface electrocardiogram (ECG), i.e., QT dispersion, reflects regional differences in ventricular recovery time, and it has been linked to the occurrence of malignant arrhythmias in different cardiac diseases. The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of hemodialysis on QT and corrected QT (QTc) interval and dispersion in chronic hemodialyzed patients. Data of 34 nondiabetic patients (male/female = 21/13; mean age, 54 +/- 15 yr) on chronic hemodialysis were studied. Polysulfone capillaries and bicarbonate dialysate containing (in mEq/L) 135 Na+, 2.0 K+, 1.5 Ca2+, and 1.0 Mg2+ were used. Simultaneous 12-lead ECG were recorded before and after hemodialysis in a standard setting. The QT intervals for each lead were measured manually on enlarged (x3) ECG by one observer using calipers. Each QT interval was corrected for patient heart rate: QTc = QT/square root of RR (in milliseconds [ms]). The average cycle intervals were 853 +/- 152 ms predialysis and 830 +/- 173 ms postdialysis; the difference was not significant. The maximal QT interval changed significantly from 449 +/- 43 to 469 +/- 41 ms (P < 0.01). The corrected maximal QT interval increased significantly from 482 +/- 42 to 519 +/- 33 ms (P < 0.01). The QT dispersion changed from 56 +/- 15 to 85 +/- 12 ms (P < 0.001) and the corrected QT interval dispersion from 62 +/- 18 to 95 +/- 17 ms (P < 0.001). During hemodialysis, the serum potassium and phosphate levels decreased from 5.5 +/- 0.8 to 3.9 +/- 0.5 (mM) and from 2.3 +/- 0.5 to 1.6 +/- 0.4 (mM), respectively, whereas calcium increased from 2.2 +/- 0.23 to 2.5 +/- 0.22 (mM). It is concluded that hemodialysis increases the QT and QTc interval and QT and QTc dispersion in patients with end-stage renal failure. Thus, it may be stated that the nonhomogeneity of regional ventricular repolarization increases during hemodialysis. Measurement of QT and QTc dispersion is a simple bedside method that can be used for analyzing ventricular repolarization during hemodialysis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
10361868
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"