One-stage correction of high imperforate anus in the male neonate

C T Albanese, R W Jennings, J B Lopoo, B J Bratton, M R Harrison
Journal of Pediatric Surgery 1999, 34 (5): 834-6

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility, safety, and short-term outcome of complete one-stage repair of high imperforate anus in the newborn boy.

METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of five full-term male infants who underwent posterior sagittal anorectoplasty without a colostomy within the first 48 hours of birth. Preoperative imaging was performed to assess associated anomalies. All infants underwent cystoscopy before the perineal operation to determine the level of the urinary tract fistula, if present. After completion of the anoplasty, all were turned supine and the colon irrigated free of meconium. Follow-up ranged from 10 to 24 months.

RESULTS: Laparotomy was not required for any patient. Three patients had a rectoprostatic urethral fistula, one a rectovesical fistula, and one no fistula (common wall at level of prostate). Tapering rectoplasty was required for only the one patient with a rectovesical fistula. There were no intraoperative complications. All patients passed stool within 12 hours after operation and took full feeding by 48 hours. The average hospital stay was 7 days. Postoperative and stenosis occurred in one patient secondary to parental noncompliance with the postoperative dilation regimen. There were no perineal wound complications. All patients have a strong urinary stream and defecate spontaneously without the aid of oral medication or rectal stimulation or enemas.

CONCLUSIONS: One-stage repair of high imperforate anus in the male neonate is feasible without short-term genitourinary or gastrointestinal morbidity. Whether it is preferable compared with a delayed (two or three stage) repair depends on ultimate long-term anorectal function, which cannot be assessed for several years.

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