Cutting edge: human 2B4, an activating NK cell receptor, recruits the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 and the adaptor signaling protein SAP

S G Tangye, S Lazetic, E Woollatt, G R Sutherland, L L Lanier, J H Phillips
Journal of Immunology 1999 June 15, 162 (12): 6981-5
The genetic defect in X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome (XLP) is the Src homology 2 domain-containing protein SAP. SAP constitutively associates with the cell surface molecule, signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM), and competes with SH2-domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-2 (SHP-2) for recruitment to SLAM. SLAM exhibits homology with the mouse cell surface receptor 2B4. The human homologue of 2B4 has now been identified. It is recognized by the c1.7 mAb, a mAb capable of activating human NK cells. Human 2B4 became tyrosine phosphorylated following pervanadate-treatment of transfected cells and recruited SHP-2. SAP was also recruited to 2B4 in activated cells. Importantly, the 2B4-SAP interaction prevented the association between 2B4 and SHP-2. These results suggest that the phenotype of XLP may result from perturbed signaling not only through SLAM, but also other cell surface molecules that utilize SAP as a signaling adaptor protein.

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