The CarboMedics "Top-Hat" supraannular prosthesis

J M Bernal, R Martin-Duran, J M Rabasa, J M Revuelta
Annals of Thoracic Surgery 1999, 67 (5): 1299-303

BACKGROUND: The CarboMedics "Top-Hat" supraannular prosthesis was designed to permit the implantation of a larger prosthesis.

METHODS: Between June 1993 and November 1996, 127 patients (average age, 61.8+/-10.2 years) received a CarboMedics "Top-Hat" supraannular aortic prosthesis. The average follow-up was 15.7 months, and all surviving patients underwent echocardiographic study. This group is compared with 656 patients in whom a standard CarboMedics prosthesis was implanted and also with 2,927 patients who received other aortic prostheses.

RESULTS: Using the standard and the supraannular sizers, there was an average increase of one size in favor of the supraannular prosthesis: 18.9+/-2.8 mm standard versus 20.8+/-2.6 mm supraannular (p < 0.005). For each prosthesis size (19 to 23 mm), the body surface area of the patients in whom a CarboMedics supraannular prosthesis was implanted was significantly smaller than that in those who received a CarboMedics standard prosthesis or any other model. Hospital mortality was 3.9%, and late mortality was 5.5%. The actuarial survival was 86.5%+/-3.9% at 42 months.

CONCLUSIONS: Using the CarboMedics supraannular prosthesis allows implantation of a larger prosthesis compared with the standard CarboMedics prosthesis or other models. This advantage is especially important in patients with a small aortic root.

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