COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Renal MR angiography at 1.0 T: three-dimensional (3D) phase-contrast techniques versus gadolinium-enhanced 3D fast low-angle shot breath-hold imaging

U Hahn, S Miller, T Nägele, F Schick, B Erdtmann, S Duda, C D Claussen
AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology 1999, 172 (6): 1501-8
10350280

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of three different MR angiographic techniques at 1.0 T.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In 22 patients with renal artery stenosis confirmed at intraarterial catheter angiography, we also performed unenhanced and gadolinium-enhanced three-dimensional phase-contrast MR angiography and gadolinium-enhanced single breath-hold three-dimensional fast low-angle shot MR angiography. We determined circulation time to optimize signal acquisition in gadolinium-enhanced breath-hold MR angiography after bolus injection of contrast material.

RESULTS: Sensitivity, defined as the detection of a hemodynamically significant stenosis (>50% luminal narrowing), was 85% for enhanced phase-contrast MR angiography, 91% for gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography, and 95% for unenhanced phase-contrast MR angiography. The combination of unenhanced phase-contrast MR angiography and gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography yielded 100% sensitivity for hilar artery stenoses. There were 13 false-positive findings with unenhanced phase-contrast MR angiography, 10 with enhanced phase-contrast MR angiography, and four with gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography (specificity: 38%, 52%, and 79%, respectively). Accessory renal arteries were not seen on unenhanced or enhanced phase-contrast MR angiography (0/8 patients) but were detected with gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography in five of the eight patients. Interobserver agreement (kappa = .62) was best with gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography. The quality of the images was unsatisfactory for adequate evaluation of segmental renal arteries with all three MR angiographic techniques.

CONCLUSION: A combination of unenhanced phase-contrast MR angiography and gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography at 1.0 T proved useful as a screening protocol for renal artery stenosis.

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