JOURNAL ARTICLE
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[Physiopathologic findings and surgical treatment in transposition of great vessels: our experience].

Transposition of great vessels (TGV) is the most frequent neonatal cyanotic malformative cardiopathy. The Authors report their experience in surgical anatomical correction of transposition of the great arteries in 55 patients, 44 male and 11 female. Minimum age was 2 days, maximum 6 months. TGV was simple in 38 cases and associated with ventricular defect in 12 cases, with double outlet right ventricle in 3 cases, and with complex cardiopathy in 2 cases. There have been 11 deaths. The cause of death was: cardiac failure in 3 patients, myocardial infarct in 4 patients, respiratory insufficiency in 2 patients, and sepsis in 2 patients. There was one death by myocardial infarction and 1 asymptomatic ostial left coronary stenosis during follow-up (from 1 to 104 months). There were neither anastomotic pulmonary stenosis nor aortic valve incompetence. The authors review the literature on functional and anatomic correction of TGV and underline the importance of precocious anatomic together with early diagnosis, percutaneous atrioseptostomy and pharmacologic (PGE1) therapy in determining further reduction of mortality and to improve late outcome.

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