Effect of cAMP on the activity and the phosphorylation of Na+,K(+)-ATPase in rat thick ascending limb of Henle

M Kiroytcheva, L Cheval, M L Carranza, P Y Martin, H Favre, A Doucet, E Féraille
Kidney International 1999, 55 (5): 1819-31

BACKGROUND: In rat kidney medullary thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (MTAL), activation of protein kinase A (PKA) was previously reported to inhibit Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity. This is paradoxical with the known stimulatory effect of cAMP on sodium reabsorption. Because this inhibition was mediated by phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activation, a pathway stimulated by hypoxia, we evaluated the influence of oxygen supply on cAMP action on Na+,K(+)-ATPase in MTAL.

METHODS: Ouabain-sensitive 86Rb uptake and Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity were measured in isolated MTALs. Cellular ATP content and the phosphorylation level of Na+,K(+)-ATPase were determined in suspensions of outer medullary tubules. Experiments were carried out under nonoxygenated or oxygenated conditions in the absence or presence of PKA activators.

RESULTS: cAMP analogues or forskolin associated with 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) inhibited ouabain-sensitive 86Rb uptake in nonoxygenated MTALs. In contrast, when oxygen supply was increased, cAMP stimulated ouabain-sensitive 86Rb uptake and Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity. Improved oxygen supply was associated with increased intracellular ATP content. The phosphorylation level of the Na+,K(+)-ATPase alpha subunit was increased by cAMP analogues or forskolin associated with IBMX in oxygenated as well as in nonoxygenated tubules. Under nonoxygenated conditions, the inhibition of Na+,K(+)-ATPase was dissociated from its cAMP-dependent phosphorylation, whereas under oxygenated conditions, the stimulatory effect of cAMP analogues on ouabain-sensitive 86Rb uptake was linearly related and cosaturated with the level of phosphorylation of the Na+,K(+)-ATPase alpha subunit.

CONCLUSION: In oxygenated MTALs, PKA-mediated stimulation of Na+,K(+)-ATPase likely participates in the cAMP-dependent stimulation of sodium reabsorption. Under nonoxygenated conditions, this stimulatory pathway is likely overridden by the PLA2-mediated inhibitory pathway, a possible adaptation to protect the cells against hypoxic damage.

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