Radiologic gastrojejunostomy and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: a prospective, randomized comparison

E K Hoffer, J M Cosgrove, D Q Levin, M M Herskowitz, S J Sclafani
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR 1999, 10 (4): 413-20

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of radiologic guided placement of percutaneous gastrojejunostomy (PGJ) and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomized to PGJ (n = 66) or PEG (n = 69). Indications for gastrostomy were need for prolonged enteral nutrition (97%) or gastrointestinal decompression (3%), with etiologies of neurologic impairment (81%), head and neck neoplasm (12%), bowel obstruction (3%), or other (4%). Mean follow-up was 202 days and 30-day follow-up was obtained for 85% of patients.

RESULTS: PEG was successful in 63 of 69 (91%) patients, while PGJ established access in all of 66 attempts (100%) (P = .014). Average procedural time was 53 minutes for PGJ and 24 minutes for PEG (P = .001). At 30-day follow-up, there were 33 and 45 complications in the PGJ and PEG groups, respectively. This difference was due to the greater incidence of pneumonia in the PEG group (P = .013). Long-term tube-related complications occurred with 17 PGJs and four PEGs (P = .007). The PGJ cost more than PEG, but this advantage was offset by the cost of complications.

CONCLUSION: PGJ had higher success rate and fewer complications, due to a lower incidence of pneumonia. PEG took less time to perform, cost less, and required less tube maintenance.

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