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When to suspect ischemic colitis. Why is this condition so often missed or misdiagnosed?

Ischemic colitis is one of the most often seen disorders of the large intestine in the elderly. Common predisposing factors are atherosclerosis, shock, and congestive heart failure, but often, elderly patients have no obvious predisposing or precipitating factors. The typical clinical presentation is acute sudden abdominal pain and distention with bloody diarrhea. Common early radiographic signs are bowel-wall thickening with thumbprinting, and later, ulceration and strictures may be found. Endoscopy is valuable in revealing the sharp demarcation between viable and necrotic colonic mucosa that is a strong indicator of ischemia. Within 48 hours, most patients show favorable response to conservative measures consisting of intravenous hydration, bowel rest, antibiotic therapy, and correction of precipitating processes. Vasoconstricting drugs and corticosteroids are contraindicated. When surgical intervention is indicated, it usually consists of resection of the ischemic segment and exteriorization of the remaining ends of the bowel.

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Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

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