Diagnostic criteria for central versus peripheral positioning nystagmus and vertigo: a review

U B├╝ttner, C Helmchen, T Brandt
Acta Oto-laryngologica 1999, 119 (1): 1-5
Head positioning can lead to pathological nystagmus and vertigo. In most instances the cause is a peripheral vestibular disorder, as in benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo (BPPV). Central lesions can lead to positional nystagmus (central PN) or to paroxysmal positioning nystagmus and vertigo (central PPV). Lesions in central PPV are often found dorsolateral to the fourth ventricle or in the dorsal vermis. This localization, together with other clinical features (associated cerebellar and oculomotor signs), generally allows one to easily distinguish central PPV from BPPV. However, in individual cases this may prove difficult, since the two syndromes share many features. Even if only BPPV as a peripheral lesion is considered, differentiation based on such features as latency, course, and duration of nystagmus during an attack, fatigability, vertigo, vomiting, and time period during which nystagmus bouts occur, may be impossible. Only the direction of nystagmus during an attack can allow differentiation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"