Expression of endothelin-1, endothelin-converting enzyme, and endothelin receptors in chronic heart failure

O Zolk, J Quattek, G Sitzler, T Schrader, G Nickenig, P Schnabel, K Shimada, M Takahashi, M Böhm
Circulation 1999 April 27, 99 (16): 2118-23

BACKGROUND: Elevated plasma levels of endothelin (ET)-1 have been reported in association with heart diseases, including heart failure. Furthermore, it has been suggested that ET-1 acts as a local autocrine/paracrine factor with biological activities such as vasoconstriction, mitogenesis, and inotropic effects on the heart. This study investigated alterations of ET-1, ET receptor, and endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE) expression in left ventricular myocardium from patients with end-stage heart failure.

METHODS AND RESULTS: mRNA concentrations of ETA and ETB receptors, prepro-ET-1 (ppET-1), and ECE in left ventricles from nonfailing donors hearts (NF) and from patients with end-stage chronic heart failure (NYHA functional class IV) due to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) were compared by use of a competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction technique. There was no significant difference in mRNA expression for ppET-1, ECE-1, and ETA receptors, whereas a significant reduction of ETB-receptor mRNA was observed in DCM hearts. 125I-labeled ET-1 radioligand binding studies demonstrated a significant downregulation of ETB receptors, whereas ETA-receptor density was increased in membranes from DCM hearts. Phosphoramidon-sensitive ECE activity and immunodetectable amounts of ECE protein in left ventricular membrane preparations did not differ between NF and DCM hearts. Finally, immunoreactive ET-1 concentrations were increased in DCM hearts.

CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates changes in the ET-receptor expression pattern in favor of the ETA receptor in human end-stage heart failure. Furthermore, activation of the cardiac ET system with increased tissue ET-1 concentrations in the failing myocardium is observed. This is more likely due to decreased clearance than to increased synthesis, because ppET-1 gene expression and ECE activity are unchanged.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"