Characterization of neuropeptide Y-induced feeding in mice: do Y1-Y6 receptor subtypes mediate feeding?

S Iyengar, D L Li, R M Simmons
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 1999, 289 (2): 1031-40
The stimulation of food consumption after i.c.v. administration of various neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptor agonists was examined in CD-1 mice. These agonists, including endogenous peptides NPY, peptide YY (PYY), and pancreatic polypeptide, as well as several N-terminal truncated and synthetic peptides that are prototypic receptor agonists at Y1-Y6 NPY receptors ([Leu31Pro34]NPY, NPY2-36, NPY3-36, NPY13-36, PYY3-36, Pro34PYY, and D-Trp32NPY), showed varying abilities to elicit food consumption such that PYY > NPY2-36 = NPY = PYY3-36 > Pro34PYY > NPY3-36 > [Leu31Pro34]NPY > NPY13-36 = D-Trp32NPY = pancreatic polypeptide. Published reports have suggested that NPY-induced feeding is mediated via the Y1 or the Y5 receptor subtypes. However, the relative ability of the various peptide analogs to elicit feeding differed from the relative ability of these peptides to bind to cloned Y1-Y6 receptors. The effects of prototypic Y1 receptor antagonists on NPY-induced feeding were also evaluated after i.c.v. administration. GR231118 (1229U91), a peptide Y1 antagonist, did not block NPY-induced feeding at the doses tested. BIBP3226, a nonpeptide Y1 receptor antagonist, as well as its opposite enantiomer, BIBP3435, which is inactive at Y1 receptors, blocked feeding elicited by NPY, [Leu31Pro34], or PYY at doses that did not cause overt behavioral dysfunction. The lack of effects with GR231118 and the nonstereoselective effects of BIBP3226 suggested that NPY-induced feeding in mice was not mediated via the Y1 receptor. Thus, by using currently available prototypic peptide NPY receptor agonists for Y1-Y6 receptors and peptide and nonpeptide Y1 receptor antagonists GR231118 and BIBP3226, the mediation of NPY-induced feeding cannot be unequivocally attributed to any one of the known NPY receptors. It is possible that NPY-induced feeding is mediated either by a combination of more than one NPY receptor subtype or by a unique NPY receptor subtype. Additional subtype-selective receptor antagonists, when available, will help to clarify this issue further.

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