Independent regulation of cyclo-oxygenase 2 expression by p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinases and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase

M Goppelt-Struebe, A Hahn, M Stroebel, C O Reiser
Biochemical Journal 1999 April 15, 339: 329-34
5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, 'serotonin') is a potent inducer of the early response gene cyclo-oxygenase 2 (Cox-2; prostaglandin G/H synthase) in mesangial cells. Protein kinase C (PKC), Ca2+-dependent enzymes and mitogen-activated protein kinase (p42/44 MAPK) have previously been shown to be essential modules of the signalling pathway leading from the pertussis-insensitive 5-HT2A receptor to the induction of Cox-2 mRNA expression. In the present study, PKC activation was linked to the 5-HT-mediated phosphorylation and thus the activation of p42/44 MAPK: the inhibition of PKC by the specific inhibitor GF109203x prevented p42/44 MAPK activation. Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent (CaM) kinase II delta2 was detected in mesangial cells by Western blot analysis. The inhibition of CaM kinase by the inhibitors KN62 or KN93 led to a partial inhibition of 5-HT-induced Cox-2 mRNA expression and decreased basal, but not PMA-mediated, Cox-2 expression. The 5-HT-mediated activation of MAPK was not decreased by KN62 or KN93, excluding CaM kinase as a signalling module upstream of p42/44 MAPK. Taken together, these results indicate a modulatory involvement of CaM kinase in the regulation of 5-HT-mediated Cox-2 mRNA expression in addition to the main pathway that consists of the activation of PKC and p42/44 MAPK.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"