JOURNAL ARTICLE

Gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth risks for emotional, physical, and social problems: results from a community-based survey

J Lock, H Steiner
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 1999, 38 (3): 297-304
10087691

OBJECTIVE: Health problems of gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) youth are reported as differing from those of heterosexual youth. Increased depression, suicide, substance use, homelessness, and school dropout have been reported. Most studies of GLB youth use clinical or convenience samples. The authors conducted a community school-based health survey that included an opportunity to self-identify as GLB.

METHOD: An anonymous self-report health care questionnaire was used during a community-based survey in 2 high schools in an upper middle class district.

RESULTS: Significantly increased health risks for self-identified GLB youth were found in mental health, sexual risk-taking, and general health risks compared with self-identified heterosexuals, but not in health domains associated with substance abuse, homelessness, or truancy.

CONCLUSIONS: Self-identified GLB youth in community settings are at greater risk for mental health, sexual risk-taking, and poorer general health maintenance than their heterosexual peers.

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