Nutritional management in diarrhoeal disease.
Adequate nutritional intervention in diarrhoeal disease in children is crucial in obtaining optimal control of a disorder that may become life-threatening. During recent years, important advances have been made in our understanding of the pathophysiology of diarrhoeal states, in the formulation of oral rehydration solutions and in the role of micro- and macronutrients in diarrhoeal disorders. This chapter outlines some of the relevant concepts in the pathophysiology of diarrhoeal disease and provides a rationale for nutritional intervention. Guidelines for nutritional management in the settings of acute-onset diarrhoea, post-enteritis protracted diarrhoea and chronic non-specific diarrhoea are provided, mostly based on controlled clinical trials and meta-analyses of evidence-based medicine.
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