Relationship between autofluorescence and advanced glycation end products in diabetic lenses

T Abiko, A Abiko, S Ishiko, M Takeda, S Horiuchi, A Yoshida
Experimental Eye Research 1999, 68 (3): 361-6
Autofluorescence and advanced glycation end product (AGE) levels were measured in the lenses of 9 diabetic Chinese hamsters and 6 age-matched controls. Lens autofluorescence also was measured in 37 diabetic patients and 14 age-matched controls. Lens autofluorescence values were measured noninvasively with a lens measurement system using color filters with peak transmission at 365- and 434-nm wavelengths (excitation and emission, respectively) that are characteristic of AGE fluorescence. The peak lens autofluorescence level was used as the lens autofluorescence value, and the mean lens autofluorescence values from both eyes of each subject were used for statistical analysis. The AGE levels in one lens from each hamster were measured by noncompetitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with a polyclonal anti-AGE antibody. We found a 2.2 times increase of the mean lens autofluorescence value of diabetic hamsters in comparison with that of controls (P<0.01). We also found a 1.5 times increase of the mean AGE level from the lenses of diabetic hamsters in comparison with that of controls (P<0.01). Moreover, a statistically significant positive correlation between the AGE level and autofluorescence value in the same lenses was observed in all hamsters (rho=0.58, P<0.05). In human subjects, we found a 1.4 times increase of the mean lens autofluorescence value of diabetic patients in comparison with that of age-matched controls (P<0.01). Our results suggest that non invasive measurement of lens autofluorescence may be a guide to AGE levels in lenses.

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