Pharmacokinetics of an oral once-a-day controlled-release oxybutynin formulation compared with immediate-release oxybutynin

S K Gupta, G Sathyan
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 1999, 39 (3): 289-96
Oxybutynin is used for the treatment of urge urinary incontinence. In this randomized, open-label, two-way crossover, multiple-dose study, the pharmacokinetics of a once-daily, controlled-release formulation, OROS oxybutynin chloride, was compared with that of immediate-release (IR) oxybutynin (Ditropan). Thirteen healthy female volunteers received three 5 mg OROS oxybutynin chloride tablets once daily for 4 days or IR oxybutynin 5 mg administered every 8 hours for 4 days. On day 1, with OROS oxybutynin chloride, mean plasma concentrations rose slowly over approximately 6 hours following dosing (mean Cmax 4.2 ng/mL) and remained fairly constant over the 24-hour dosing interval, whereas with IR oxybutynin, mean plasma concentrations rose rapidly within the first hour after dosing (mean Cmax 12.0 ng/mL), then declined. The mean oxybutynin degree of fluctuation was much lower for OROS oxybutynin chloride (78%) than for IR oxybutynin (371%). For both formulations, the plasma concentration-time profiles for the metabolite N-desethyloxybutynin paralleled those of oxybutynin but at higher concentrations. Steady-state oxybutynin concentrations were achieved by day 3 for both formulations. Mean area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) values for both oxybutynin and its metabolite were similar between day 1 and day 4 for each treatment, suggesting time-invariant pharmacokinetics. With OROS oxybutynin chloride, mean relative bioavailability was higher (153%) for oxybutynin and lower (69%) for N-desethyloxybutynin compared with IR oxybutynin. This increased bioavailability may be due to reduced first-pass metabolism; within 3 to 5 hours after dosing, OROS systems are thought to reach the colon, where cytochrome P450-mediated oxidation (oxybutynin's primary metabolic pathway) may be less extensive than in the small intestine. Fewer subjects reported any adverse event with OROS oxybutynin chloride than with IR oxybutynin (including dry mouth, oxybutynin's most frequently reported anticholinergic adverse effect).

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