JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Survival impact of surgical cytoreduction in stage IV epithelial ovarian cancer.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of surgical cytoreduction on survival in patients with Stage IV epithelial ovarian cancer and to determine the survival impact of debulking extrahepatic disease in the subgroup of patients with liver metastasis.

METHODS: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for all women with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage IV ovarian cancer treated between 1/1/82 and 12/31/94. Clinical information abstracted included age at diagnosis, performance status, histologic subtype, tumor grade, Stage IV criteria, ascites volume, predominant peritoneal tumor pattern, surgical procedures performed, hepatic tumor residuum, extrahepatic tumor residuum, and postoperative complications. Optimal surgical status was defined as residual disease
RESULTS: There were 84 women with Stage IV ovarian cancer and complete operative and postoperative information available. Median age at diagnosis was 61 years (range 26-85 years). Performance status was
CONCLUSIONS: Optimal surgical debulking and performance status appear to be important determinants of survival in patients with Stage IV epithelial ovarian cancer. Even in patients with unresectable liver metastasis, optimal debulking of extrahepatic disease is associated with a significant survival advantage.

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