Integrin alpha6beta1 role in metastatic behavior of human pancreatic carcinoma cells

R Vogelmann, E D Kreuser, G Adler, M P Lutz
International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer 1999 March 1, 80 (5): 791-5
The factors that determine the metastatic behavior of pancreatic tumor cells are incompletely understood. In this study, we first demonstrate differences in adhesion properties, integrin expression and in vivo integrin function in the metastatic tumor cell line PaTu 8988s compared with the non-metastatic cell line PaTu 8988t. Both cell lines were derived from the same original tumor and exhibit identical genetic fingerprints. Using in vitro adhesion assays performed on purified extracellular matrix components, adhesion of PaTu 8988s cells was significantly increased on the basal membrane component laminin and decreased on the interstitial matrix protein fibronectin compared to PaTu 8988t cells. By immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry, and in correspondence with their adhesive properties, the metastatic PaTu 8988s cells did express a distinct pattern of integrin subunits. Laminin-binding integrins alpha6 and beta4 were overexpressed in PaTu 8988s cells. Fibronectin-binding alpha5 integrins were present at higher levels in the non-metastatic PaTu 8988t cells, whereas the beta1 subunit expression did not differ. Adhesion to laminin or fibronectin was specific and was mediated via integrins alpha6beta1 and alpha5beta1, respectively. In addition, metastasis formation in vivo after injection of cells into the tail vein of nude mice was inhibited by preincubation of PaTu 8988s cells with antibodies directed against the integrin alpha6 or beta1. We conclude that alpha6beta1 integrins are overexpressed and functionally active in metastatic human pancreatic carcinoma cells, and participate in metastasis formation probably through binding to the basal membrane component laminin.


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