Self-management of fibromyalgia: the role of formal coping skills training and physical exercise training programs

M J Sandstrom, F J Keefe
Arthritis Care and Research: the Official Journal of the Arthritis Health Professions Association 1998, 11 (6): 432-47
There has been growing interest in the use of formal self-management training programs for people with fibromyalgia (FM). In these programs, health care professionals serve as trainers and provide education about FM and guided instruction in specific self-management strategies. A review of the literature on formal self-management training programs for FM suggests that they can be divided into groups: 1) those emphasizing training in coping skills (e.g., relaxation, activity pacing, and problem-solving techniques), and 2) those emphasizing training in physical exercise (e.g., cardiovascular fitness, strength, and endurance training). In this article, we review studies that have tested the efficacy of both types of programs. In addition, we identify key individual and contextual variables that are related to outcome and highlight future directions in the research and development of self-management programs.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"