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Quality-of-life assessment after ileoanal pull-through for ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis.

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The ileoanal pull-through procedure (IAP) is gaining increasing favor and use in the surgical treatment of children with ulcerative colitis (UC) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FP). Although physiological studies have been performed to assess the outcome of these children, no long-term quality-of-life assessment after the procedure has been performed.

METHODS: Forty-three patients were identified who had an IAP at our institution in the last 10 years and were at least 6 months postsurgery. Thirty-four were contacted, and 32 agreed to participate in the survey, which was approved by the Human Studies Committee. Participants completed the standardized Medical Outcome Study Short Form-36 (SF-36), which has well-established normative values. Several supplemental questions were prepared in a similar format dealing with issues specific to the ileoanal pull-through procedure.

RESULTS: Of the 32 participants, 19 (59%) were girls and 26 (81%) had ulcerative colitis. Mean age at the time of survey was 18.1 years with 12 less than 18 years and 20 > or =18 years. Data from the latter group could be compared with national normative values for this age. The study group was not statistically different from age-appropriate US population normal values on all assessable scales of physical and mental health in the SF-36 survey including physical functioning, role limitations-physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role limitations-emotional, and mental health (all P>.05 or mean difference SD units <0.8). The supplemental questionaire demonstrated little adverse effect of the surgery. There was limited consumption of medications to control bowel frequency and little restriction of activity because of the frequency of bowel movements or fear of incontinence. The surgical scar was the sole negative factor of significance.

CONCLUSIONS: The ileoanal pull-through procedure is an excellent surgical option for children with ulcerative colitis or familial adenomatous polyposis, and it produced minimal, if any, adverse effects on their long-term quality of life.

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