Sameer Ahmed Ansari, Khalid AlSindi, Fatima Aldoseri
Ovarian cystadenofibroma is a rare benign tumor comprised of both epithelial and stromal components. It is one the unique tumors which is usually mistaken for malignancy on imaging because of partly solid and partly cystic appearance. Frozen section and subsequent histopathological examinations play a vital role in arriving at definite diagnosis and thus avoiding unnecessary extensive surgical procedure. We described a case of bilateral ovarian cystadenofibroma in a 64 years old female with the clinical impression of malignancy and posted for radical surgical procedure...
September 2022: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Gloria Zhang, Chad M Michener, Bin Yang
The Wnt signaling pathway is important in the normal development and regulation of ovarian follicles throughout the lifecycle of females. Dysregulation of the Wnt signaling pathway, genetically or epigenetically, with subsequent activation of β-catenin has been implicated in tumorigenesis of a spectrum of ovarian neoplasms, from benign to malignant. We review the recent findings of the Wnt signaling pathway involved in regulating normal physiologic processes of the ovarian follicle cycle. We also review the β-catenin mutations in a family of low-grade ovarian stromal tumors, focusing on characterizing their shared morphological features and the utility of immunohistochemistry of β-catenin in facilitating the accurate diagnosis of these ovarian stromal tumors...
November 16, 2022: Cancers
Diana Bužinskienė, Evelina Šidlovska, Gabija Vilutytė
The Sertoli cell tumor of the ovary is a rare ovarian tumor with non-specific symptoms. According to the literature, endocrine manifestations occur in two-thirds of patients, but testosterone production is extremely rare. Typically, it is a unilateral benign tumor of the ovary that most commonly presents in adolescents and young women of childbearing potential. We report a 29-year-old patient, previously diagnosed to have polycystic ovarian syndrome, who presented with complaints of amenorrhea for the past three years...
November 13, 2022: Medicina
Rebecca Hodges, Elyse Watkins
Benign mature cystic teratomas are a form of ovarian germ cell tumor that originates from primordial germ cells in the ovaries. Of the three types of teratoma neoplasms, benign mature cystic teratomas (also called dermoid cysts) are the most common. Patients may present with intermittent abdominal or pelvic pain, abdominal enlargement, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, or may be asymptomatic. Clinicians should have a high suspicion for benign mature cystic teratomas, which account for more than 20% of all ovarian neoplasms...
December 1, 2022: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Anastasia Mentessidou, Petros Mirilas
Surgical abnormalities of the adnexa in children and adolescents include a variety of ovarian and paraovarian lesions ranging from benign functional cysts to malignant tumors, torsion of the ovary and/or the fallopian tube, and adnexal infectious lesions ranging from salpingitis to tubo-ovarian abscesses. Presentations vary from asymptomatic pelvic masses to acute abdomen, while some ovarian tumors might present with precocious puberty or virilization. Acute pain might be caused by hemorrhage or rupture of ovarian or paraovarian cysts, adnexal torsion or adnexal infection...
November 14, 2022: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Li-Ping Shen, An-Qiang Yang, Lei Jin
The primary ovarian carcinoid tumor is a very rare ovarian tumor, which accounts for approximately 0.5% to 1.7% of all carcinoids and 1% of ovarian cancer. According to its histopathological features, it can be divided into four categories: insular, trabecular, strumal, and mucinous, among which insular carcinoid is common in Western countries. By comparison, the chain-typed and trabecular carcinoid seem to be common in Asian countries. To date, about 150 cases have been reported in the world, and 40% of them are strumal carcinoid tumor of the ovary (SCTO), which is a highly specialized teratoma differentiated from the monomer, and often characterized by the coexistence of thyroid follicular tissue and carcinoid tissue with the neuroendocrine function...
November 5, 2022: Diagnostics
Gerasimia Kirochristou, Stefanos K Stefanou, Christos K Stefanou, Stefanos Flindris, Thomas Tsiantis, Periklis Tsoumanis, Kostas Tepelenis
Objectives: Mucinous cystadenomas are among the most common benign adnexal masses. The peak incidence of mucinous cystadenoma appears between the third and fifth decades of life, but rare cases in younger and older women have also been reported. Ovarian cystic formations are usually asymptomatic at early stages, until they grow in size and various compression symptoms appear, such as abdominal discomfort, distention, nausea, vomiting, and increased urination. Case presentation: This is a case of an 86-year-old woman with partial bowel obstruction due to a sizeable adnexal mass...
June 2022: Innovative Surgical Sciences
Jihee Sohn, Yurimi Lee, Hyun-Soo Kim
While synchronous ovarian and endometrial endometrioid carcinomas (ECs) have long been described in the literature, ovarian or endometrial EC involving concomitant endocervical polyp (ECP) has not yet been reported. This study aimed to investigate the histological types and prevalence of gynecological tumors co-existing with ECP and to comprehensively analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of ovarian and endometrial ECs involving ECPs. We searched for ECP cases associated with premalignant lesions or malignancies of the female genital tract occurring between March 2019 and February 2022...
September 27, 2022: Diagnostics
Hiroyuki Yazawa, Riho Yazawa, Kaoru Fukuda, Miki Ohara
Polypoid endometriosis is a rare form of endometriosis characterized by polypoid masses that histologically often resemble endometrial polyps. We report a case of rapidly progressing polypoid endometriosis that was preoperatively assumed to be advanced ovarian cancer. A 46-year-old woman, para 0, underwent laparoscopic myomectomy and left adnexectomy for uterine fibroids and a left ovarian endometrial cyst after administration of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist for 4 months. Eleven months postoperatively, rapid right ovarian enlargement occurred...
October 27, 2022: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
Bouali Mounir, Elwassi Anas, Eddaoudi Yassine, El Bakouri Abdelilah, El Hattabi Khalid, Fatimazahra Bensardi, Fadil Abdelaziz
Introduction: Serous cystadenomas account for approximately 25% of benign ovarian tumors in patients of childbearing age. Their growth is insidious, and the diagnosis can be difficult as they are often asymptomatic, Patients with serous cystadenoma often experience symptoms only if the lesion is twisted or has a mass effect because of its size.This was the case in our patient, whose cough and low back pain prompted her To consult a doctor, which led to the definitive diagnosis and treatment...
October 2022: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Adesola A Agboola, Khalid Uddin, Shafaq Taj, Greeshma Gopakumar, Chinyere L Anigbo, Hira Nasir, Muhammad Haseeb, Ayesha Javed
A dermoid cyst, also called a mature teratoma, is a benign tumor of the ovary derived from pluripotent germ cells. It is often asymptomatic; however, it can be expressed by several complications, including infection, adnexal torsion, and rupture. Rarely ovarian dermoid cysts can also transform into malignant degeneration. A ruptured teratoma is a rare and life-threatening complication and may arise spontaneously. However, cystic rupture is often secondary to surgical procedures such as ovarian cystectomy, leading to acute peritonitis and surgical emergency...
September 2022: Curēus
Lindsay A Gil, Carley M Lutz, Patrick A Dillon, Cynthia D Downard, Peter F Ehrlich, Mary E Fallat, Jason D Fraser, Julia E Grabowski, Michael A Helmrath, S Paige Hertweck, Ronald B Hirschl, Rashmi Kabre, Dave R Lal, Matthew P Landman, Amy E Lawrence, Charles M Leys, Grace Z Mak, Troy A Markel, Manish T Raiji, Beth Rymeski, Jacqueline M Saito, Thomas T Sato, Shawn D St Peter, Linda M Cherney Stafford, Katherine J Deans, Peter C Minneci, Geri D Hewitt, Jennifer H Aldrink
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Describe current practice patterns and diagnostic accuracy of frozen section (FS) pathology for children and adolescents with ovarian masses. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study from 2018 to 2021 SETTING: 11 children's hospitals PARTICIPANTS: Females age 6-21 years undergoing surgical management of an ovarian mass INTERVENTIONS: Obtaining intraoperative FS pathology MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Diagnostic accuracy of FS pathology RESULTS: Of 691 patients undergoing surgical management of an ovarian mass, FS was performed in 27 (3...
October 6, 2022: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Christof Mittermair, Teresa Margarida Cunha, Romana Urbas, Horst Koch, Rosemarie Forstner
Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary is a rare benign sex-cord stromal tumor that affects primarily young females. In a series of six patients (mean 24,6, median 19 years) findings of six MRIs and one CT were analyzed. Unilateral tumors ranging from 6 to 8 cm were found in all patients. The tumors were well encapsulated and polylobulated. The morphology was mixed solid and cystic in three and solid in three patients. In CT, a hypervascular tumor with centripetal enhancement was seen. In MRI T 2 weighted imaging showed low signal intensity of the solid tissue in all cases and low diffusion-weighted imaging signal of the solid tissue in high b-value diffusion-weighted imaging in three patients...
March 10, 2022: BJR Case Reports
A O Bankole, R A Abdus-Salam, A Fakoya, O O Adegoke, I O Morhason-Bello
Fibroid (myoma) is the most common benign tumor of the female genital tract. The tumour may occur in the uterine corpus as intramural, submucous, subserous, cervical fibroid; or in the broad ligament as intraligamentary fibroid or outside of uterus as parasitic fibroid. Parasitic fibroid is rare as a primary or secondary tumour. It is commonly diagnosed as an incidental finding during radiologic or abdominal surgical procedures. This was a case report of histologically confirmed multiple parasitic fibroids in a 39-year-old woman coexisting with primary uterine fibroids...
December 2021: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
Francesc Tresserra, Maria Angeles Martinez-Lanao, Melissa Fernandez-Acevedo, Francesc Fargas, Alicia Ubeda
Organoid (hypermature) teratomas are highly specialized teratomas showing organ formation, most frequently from the digestive tract or bronchial wall. We present four cases of ovarian organoid teratomas, one with a distinguishable mandible with teeth, one with small intestine, one with large intestine containing a well differentiated neuroendocrine tumor and another with both large intestine and bronchial wall. These tumors have a distribution similar to conventional teratomas and usually behave benignly, although cases of malignancy have been reported...
October 2022: Revista Española de Patología
Mohammed Mhand, Rockson Obed, Abdelhakim Harouachi, Anas Haloui, Tariq Bouhout, Amal Bennani, Badr Serji, Tijani El Harroudi
Introduction: Melanosis peritonei is an exceptionally benign condition of uncertain origin marked by the deposition of dark pigments on the peritoneal cavity. It's usually associated with other abnormalities and must be differentiated from metastatic melanoma. Case presentation: We report this case of a 67-year-old female presented for abdominal distension for 16 months. Abdomino-pelvic CT scan showed a right pelvic ovarian mass locally developed with the presence of peritoneal ascites...
September 2022: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Lateefa AlDakhil, Asma Aljuhaimi, Mashael AlKhattabi, Saleh Alobaid, Rafif E Mattar, Abdulaziz Alobaid
BACKGROUND: Ovarian neoplasia in children and adolescents is a rare tumor. The diagnosis and management of such tumors is often difficult and delayed due to non-specific symptoms and low suspicion. Surgical management that preserves fertility and ovarian function should be the goal. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to review the clinical presentation, tumor characteristics, and management of Saudi Arabian adolescents. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on adolescent girls aged 19 or less admitted to tow referral hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, diagnosed with adnexal mass over an 8 years' period; patients who were older than 19 were excluded...
September 16, 2022: Journal of Ovarian Research
Preetha Ramalingam
Ovarian germ cell tumors are a diverse group of benign and malignant neoplasms that occur in a wide age range, but with a predilection for younger age group. The majority are represented by the frequently encountered mature cystic teratomas. Malignant germ cell tumors are uncommon, and in some cases have a characteristic clinical presentation. However, from a histologic standpoint these tumors can sometimes be challenging to diagnose due to overlapping morphology with epithelial, and in some cases sex cord tumors...
July 29, 2022: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
Luigi Della Corte, Antonio Mercorio, Paolo Serafino, Francesco Viciglione, Mario Palumbo, Maria Chiara De Angelis, Maria Borgo, Cira Buonfantino, Marina Tesorone, Giuseppe Bifulco, Pierluigi Giampaolino
Borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) account for approximately 15% of all epithelial ovarian cancers. In 80% of cases the diagnosis of BOTs is done at stage I and more than a third of BOTs occurs in women younger than 40 years of age wishing to preserve their childbearing potential; the issue of conservative surgical management (fertility-sparing treatment) is thus becoming of paramount importance. At early stages, the modalities of conservative treatment could range from mono-lateral cystectomy to bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy...
2022: Frontiers in Surgery
Doaa Atwi, Maria Kamal, Michael Quinton, Lewis A Hassell
Mature cystic teratoma is the most common ovarian germ cell neoplasm. Malignant transformation is a rare occurrence, accounting for 1.5%-2% of cases. Malignant changes can arise from any constituent tissue of a teratoma; however, squamous cell carcinoma is the most common histologic type seen, followed by adenocarcinoma and sarcoma respectively. Tumor marker concentration levels, age, and the tumor maximum diameter are predictive indicators for malignant transformation. Proper diagnosis includes recognizing the possibility of malignant transformation versus excluding other differential options, such as metastasis...
September 2, 2022: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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