Ye-Sheng Wei, Jun Yang, Yong-Ling He, Xiang Shi, Zhi-Neng Zeng
Taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1), a kind of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), was up-regulated in ischaemic stroke (IS) with the function of promoting neuron apoptosis. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association of TUG1 polymorphisms with IS risk. The TUG1 polymorphisms were genotyped using a custom-by-design 48-Plex SNPscan kit. The promoter activity was measured using the dual luciferase reporter assay. Relative expression of TUG1 in IS patients was analysed using quantitative PCR and the binding of TUG1 rs2240183 polymorphism to transcription factor was analysed using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay...
July 2, 2019: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
S-C Liu, Q-Z Sun, X-F Qiao, X-G Li, J-H Yang, T-Q Wang, Y-J Xiao, J-M Qiao
OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding ribonucleic acids (lncRNAs) play a vital role in bone development, but the function of lncRNA taurine up-regulated gene 1 (TUG1) in osteoblast proliferation and differentiation is still unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of TUG1 and the messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway markers [Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), Frizzled-2, axis inhibition protein 2 (Axin 2) and β-catenin] at 0 d, 1 d, 7 d and 14 d after in vitro culture of osteoblasts were detected, respectively, by Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR)...
June 2019: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Wenwen Song, Nawei Qi, Chen Liang, Fangmeng Duan, Honghai Zhao
Heterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode, SCN) is one of the most devastating pathogens of soybean worldwide. The compatible and in compatible interactions between soybean and SCN have well documented. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanism of a nonhost resistant response in soybean against SCN infection remains obscure. Toward this end, a global transcriptional comparison was conducted between susceptible and resistant reactions of soybean roots infected by taking advantage of finding a new pathotype of SCN (SCNT)...
2019: PloS One
Rune Nørgaard Rasmussen, Kenneth Vielsted Christensen, René Holm, Carsten Uhd Nielsen
Nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5) is a transcription factor involved in the regulation of several genes involved in the response to extracellular hyperosmolality. Recently, the uptake of ibuprofen by an as yet unknown carrier was suggested in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) I cells exposed to hyperosmolality. We therefore speculated that Nfat5 could be involved in the regulation of this ibuprofen carrier. Reverse transfection with siRNA against Nfat5 was used to knock down Nfat5 in MDCK I cells...
March 29, 2019: FEBS Open Bio
Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard, Mohammad Taheri, Mir Davood Omrani, Vahid Kholghi Oskooei
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) regulate expressions of several cancer-related genes and pathways. Expression profiling of lncRNAs would pave the way for identification of dysregulated pathways in cancer. We assessed expression of FAS-anti sense 1 (FAS-AS1), Taurine Upregulated 1 (TUG1), OPA-interacting protein 5-AS1 (OIP5 -AS1), nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1), and highly upregulated in liver cancer (HULC) in breast tumor tissues and adjacent noncancerous tissues (ANCTs). TUG1 was downregulated in tumoral tissues...
April 7, 2019: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Lei Liu, Katrin Panzitt, Silvia Racedo, Martin Wagner, Wolfgang Platzer, Alex Zaufel, Verena Theiler-Schwetz, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Helmut Müller, Gerald Höfler, Akos Heinemann, Gernot Zollner, Peter Fickert
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Bile acids are now accepted as central signalling molecules for the regulation of glucose, amino acid and lipid metabolism. Adrenal gland cortex cells express the bile acid receptors farnesoid X receptor (FXR), the G protein-coupled bile acid receptor (TGR5) and the sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 2 (S1PR2). We aimed to determine the effects of cholestasis and more specifically of bile acids on cortisol production. METHODS: FXR and TGR5 knockout mice and controls were subjected to common bile duct ligation (CBDL) or chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) feeding to model cholestasis...
January 21, 2019: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
L-P Tang, J-B Ding, Z-H Liu, G-J Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease characterized by articular cartilage degradation. Long non-coding ribonucleic acid (lncRNA) plays important roles in a series of biological processes, but its role in osteoarthritis is still not quite clear. This study aims to investigate the regulatory role of taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) in osteoarthritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression level of lncRNA-TUG1 in cartilages of patients with osteoarthritis and those of normal people was compared using Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR)...
December 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Wenwen Jiang, Xiangli Tian, Ziheng Fang, Li Li, Shuanglin Dong, Haidong Li, Kun Zhao
Salinity is an important environmental factor affecting fish physiology. Tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis) is a euryhaline species that can survive in a wide range of salinity, and might be used as a promising model animal for environmental science. In this study, by using the nuclear magnetic resonance (1 H NMR)-based metabolomics, amino acids analysis and real-time quantitative PCR assay, we investigated the metabolic responses in the gills and plasma of tongue sole subjected to hypo- (0 ppt, S0) and hyper-osmotic stress (50 ppt, S50) from isosmotic environment (30 ppt, S30)...
October 31, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Shankun Liu, Ying Liu, Qiang Lu, Xiao Zhou, Li Chen, Weifeng Liang
Purpose: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is among the most common malignant tumors of the endocrine system. Numerous studies have shown that genetic factors are important in the development of EOC, and there is evidence that long noncoding RNA molecules (lncRNAs) can regulate gene expression at the transcription, posttranscription, and epigenetic levels to influence cancer proliferation and invasion, cell differentiation, and apoptosis. However, the roles of lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of EOC remain unclear...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Martin D Bach, Belinda H Sørensen, Ian H Lambert
Shift in the cellular homeostasis of the organic osmolyte taurine has been associated with dysregulation of the volume-regulated anion channel (VRAC) complex, which comprises leucine-rich repeat-containing family 8 members (LRRC8A-E). Using SDS-PAGE, western blotting, qRT-PCR, and tracer technique ([3 H]taurine) we demonstrate that reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the cell growth-associated kinases Akt/mTOR, play a role in the regulation of VRAC in human alveolar cancer (A549) cells. LRRC8A is indispensable for VRAC activity and long-term exposure to hypoosmotic challenges and/or ROS impairs VRAC activity, not through reduction in total LRRC8A expression or LRRC8A availability in the plasma membrane, but through oxidation/inactivation of kinases/phosphatases that control VRAC activity once it has been instigated...
September 2018: Physiological Reports
Xue Gao, Tao Zhang, Xi-Yun Zeng, Guo-Jian Li, Ling-Juan Du, Zhen-Huan Ma, Jia Wan, Yong Yang
Angiogenesis refers to the formation of new blood vessels from existing blood vessels. The proliferation and migration of endothelial cells serves a key function in this process. Previous research has demonstrated that rapamycin suppresses endothelial cell proliferation and migration, as well as angiogenesis. However, the mechanism by which rapamycin inhibits the proliferation and migration of endothelial cells remains unclear. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) serve a key function in the regulation of endothelial cell function...
September 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Xian-Qiang Ni, Wei-Wei Lu, Jin-Sheng Zhang, Qing Zhu, Jin-Ling Ren, Yan-Rong Yu, Xiu-Ying Liu, Xiu-Jie Wang, Mei Han, Qing Jing, Jie Du, Chao-Shu Tang, Yong-Fen Qi
Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) is involved in the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Since bioactive peptide intermedin (IMD)1-53 protects against AAA formation, here we investigated whether IMD1-53 attenuates AAA by inhibiting ERS. AAA model was induced by angiotensin II (AngII) in ApoE KO mouse background. AngII-treated mouse aortas showed increased ERS gene transcription of caspase12, eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2a (eIf2a) and activating transcription factor 4(ATF4).The protein level of ERS marker glucose regulated protein 94(GRP94), ATF4 and C/EBP homologous protein 10(CHOP) was also up-regulated by AngII...
October 2018: Endocrine
Yifeng Wang, David Matye, Nga Nguyen, Yuxia Zhang, Tiangang Li
Cysteine dioxygenase 1 (CDO1) converts cysteine to cysteine sulfinic acid, which can be further converted by cysteine sulfinic acid decarboxylase (CSAD) to hypotaurine for taurine production. This cysteine catabolic pathway plays a major role in regulating hepatic cysteine homeostasis. Furthermore, taurine is used for bile acid conjugation, which enhances bile acid solubility and physiological function in the gut. Recent studies show that this cysteine catabolic pathway is repressed by bile acid signaling, but the molecular mechanisms have not been fully elucidated...
August 22, 2018: Gene Expression
Qin He, Shuangyan Yang, Xiuge Gu, Mengying Li, Chunling Wang, Fulan Wei
Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) are mesenchymal stem cells derived from dental tissues with multidirectional differentiation potential and excellent self-renewing ability. Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to play important roles in MSC osteogenic differentiation. In this study, we found that taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1), an evolutionarily conserved and widely present lncRNA was significantly upregulated in osteogenically induced PDLSCs compared to their undifferentiated counterparts...
May 1, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Hiroki Kaneko, Masaki Kobayashi, Yuhei Mizunoe, Maho Yoshida, Hiromine Yasukawa, Shunsuke Hoshino, Rei Itagawa, Takuma Furuichi, Naoyuki Okita, Yuka Sudo, Masato Imae, Yoshikazu Higami
Alterations in adipocyte characteristics are highly implicated in the pathology of obesity. In a recent article, we demonstrated that high-fat diet-induced obesity impairs lysosomal function, thereby suppressing autophagy in mice white adipose tissue. Taurine, an amino acid naturally contained in the normal diet and existing ubiquitously in tissues, has been reported to improve insulin resistance and chronic inflammation in animal models, but underlying mechanisms remain unclear. From these findings, we hypothesized that improvement of obese pathology by taurine may be mediated through recovery of autophagy...
May 2018: Amino Acids
Liyan Hou, Yuning Che, Fuqiang Sun, Qingshan Wang
Beyond nigrostriatal dopaminergic system, the noradrenergic locus coeruleus (LC/NE) neurons are also degenerated in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. We previously reported that microglia-mediated neuroinflammation contributes to LC/NE neurodegeneration. The purpose of this study is aimed to test whether taurine, an endogenous amino acid, could be able to protect LC/NE neurons through inhibition of microglial activation using paraquat and maneb-induced mouse PD model...
May 2018: Amino Acids
Fan Zhang, Yingting Duan, Lili Xi, Mengmeng Wei, Axi Shi, Yan Zhou, Yuhui Wei, Xinan Wu
Bile acids (BAs), the most important endogenous and signaling molecules regulate the target transporters and enzymes at transcriptional level, participate in a wide variety of processes throughout the entire gastrointestinal tract to orchestrate homeostasis in vivo. BAs and their metabolism and transportation appear to follow the clear circadian rhythms, and they are recently proposed also as the potential chronobiological signals that can affect the molecular clock mechanism. Cholecystectomy are believed to affect the circadian rhythms of BAs and the relevant enterohepatic transporters and enzymes systems and their regulatory signaling pathways, for the reason that the circadian cycle of gallbladder filling and emptying play a pivotal role in controlling the flow of bile into the intestine and the enterohepatic circulation of BAs...
May 2018: Chronobiology International
Grzegorz R Juszczak, Adrian M Stankiewicz
The identification of key genes in transcriptomic data constitutes a huge challenge. Our review of microarray reports revealed 88 genes whose transcription is consistently regulated by glucocorticoids (GCs), such as cortisol, corticosterone and dexamethasone, in the brain. Replicable transcriptomic data were combined with biochemical and physiological data to create an integrated view of the effects induced by GCs. The most frequently reported genes were Errfi1 and Ddit4. Their up-regulation was associated with the altered transcription of genes regulating growth factor and mTORC1 signaling (Gab1, Tsc22d3, Dusp1, Ndrg2, Ppp5c and Sesn1) and progression of the cell cycle (Ccnd1, Cdkn1a and Cables1)...
March 2, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Yun-Hee Lee, Sou Hyun Kim, Seunghyun Lee, Kyung-Mi Kim, Jae-Chul Jung, Tae Gen Son, Sung Hwan Ki, Woo-Duck Seo, Jae-Hwan Kwak, Jin Tae Hong, Young-Suk Jung
We previously showed that barley sprout extract (BSE) prevents chronic alcohol intake-induced liver injury in mice. BSE notably inhibited glutathione (GSH) depletion and increased inflammatory responses, revealing its mechanism of preventing alcohol-induced liver injury. In the present study we investigated whether the antioxidant effect of BSE involves enhancing nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) activity and GSH synthesis to inhibit alcohol-induced oxidative liver injury. Mice fed alcohol for four weeks exhibited significantly increased oxidative stress, evidenced by increased malondialdehyde (MDA) level and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) immunostaining in the liver, whereas treatment with BSE (100 mg/kg) prevented these effects...
November 16, 2017: Nutrients
Kenneth N Maclean, Hua Jiang, Stefanos Aivazidis, Eugene Kim, Colin T Shearn, Peter S Harris, Dennis R Petersen, Robert H Allen, Sally P Stabler, James R Roede
Cystathionine β-synthase-deficient homocystinuria (HCU) is a poorly understood, life-threatening inborn error of sulfur metabolism. Analysis of hepatic glutathione (GSH) metabolism in a mouse model of HCU demonstrated significant depletion of cysteine, GSH, and GSH disulfide independent of the block in trans-sulfuration compared with wild-type controls. HCU induced the expression of the catalytic and regulatory subunits of γ-glutamyl ligase, GSH synthase (GS), γ-glutamyl transpeptidase 1, 5-oxoprolinase (OPLAH), and the GSH-dependent methylglyoxal detoxification enzyme, glyoxalase-1...
March 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
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