Erin L Merz, Shadi Gholizadeh
Numerous physical and mental health concerns have been documented in the context of COVID-19, and it is likely that patients, survivors, frontline health care workers, and other affected individuals will present to psychiatry for treatment. Behavioral medicine, an interdisciplinary field that is defined by a behavioral and biomedical conceptualization of clinical care, offers an opportunity for collaboration with psychiatry and other health care providers to meet the myriad needs resulting from the pandemic...
July 2022: Focus: Journal of Life Long Learning in Psychiatry
Benedict Weobong, Kenneth Ayuurebobi Ae-Ngibise, Lionel Sakyi, Crick Lund
BACKGROUND: Access to quality mental health services in Ghana remains poor, yet little is known about the extent of the access gaps and provision of mental health services at the district level in Ghana. We aimed to conduct an analysis of mental health infrastructure and service provision in five districts in Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional situation analysis was conducted using a standardised tool to collect secondary healthcare data, supplemented by interviews with key informants, across five purposively selected districts in Ghana...
2023: PloS One
Zhraa A Alhaboby, James Barnes, Hala Evans, Emma Short
BACKGROUND: People living with chronic conditions and disabilities experience harassment both offline and on the web. Cybervictimization is an umbrella term for negative web-based experiences. It has distressing consequences on physical health, mental well-being, and social relationships. These experiences have mostly been documented among children and adolescents. However, the scope of such experiences is not well documented among adults with long-term conditions, and the potential impact has not been examined from a public health perspective...
May 17, 2023: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Edwin D Boudreaux, Celine Larkin, Ana Vallejo Sefair, Yunsheng Ma, You Fu Li, Ameer F Ibrahim, Wesley Zeger, Gregory K Brown, Lori Pelletier, Ivan Miller
IMPORTANCE: Suicide is a leading cause of deaths in the US. Although the emergency department (ED) is an opportune setting, ED-initiated interventions remain underdeveloped and understudied. OBJECTIVE: To determine if an ED process improvement package, with a subfocus on improving the implementation of collaborative safety planning, reduces subsequent suicide-related behaviors. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Emergency Department Safety Assessment and Follow-up Evaluation 2 (ED-SAFE 2) trial, a stepped-wedge cluster randomized clinical trial conducted in 8 EDs across the US, used an interrupted time series design with three 12-month sequential phases: baseline, implementation, and maintenance...
May 17, 2023: JAMA Psychiatry
Lauren E Kois, Jennifer Cox, Grace Lee Simmons, Susan W White, Virginia Scott-Adams
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are disproportionately represented in the criminal legal system, yet ASD-specific training is rarely provided to frontline clinical staff or legal professionals. This column describes a collaboration between university researchers and a state mental health department to promote ASD awareness, knowledge, and intervention skills among clinical and legal professionals working with autistic individuals with criminal legal involvement. Descriptions of how specific needs were identified, how tailored educational workshops were developed, and how workshop efficacy was assessed are provided...
May 17, 2023: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Erla Kolbrun Svavarsdottir, Birna Gudrun Flygenring, Johanna Bernhardsdottir, Hrund Sch Thorsrteinsson, Margret Hronn Svavarsdottir, Gisli Kort Kristofersson, Herdís Sveinsdóttir
BACKGROUND: Knowledge is lacking about the effects of COVID-19 on nursing students' burnout symptoms. Burnout can lead to negative feelings and behaviours towards learning and poor mental health. AIMS: To describe and compare nursing/midwifery students' burnout, explore differences and detect predictors at two time points through COVID-19. METHODS: Students were offered participation in the spring semesters of 2020 and 2021 (N = 2046), during COVID-19...
May 16, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Grace A Masters, Yiyang Yuan, Nien Chen Li, John Straus, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt
Perinatal mood disorders (PMDs) are common, yet many patients are undertreated. The Massachusetts Child Psychiatry Access Program (MCPAP) for Moms is designed to increase clinicians' willingness to address PMDs. We examined utilization of MCPAP for Moms and associations with PMDs treatment, including the more complex bipolar disorder (BD). Analyses of MCPAP for Moms data examined utilization from 7/2014 to 6/2020 and associated treatment outcomes. Participants were clinicians (n = 1006) in obstetrics/gynecology, family medicine, and pediatrics...
May 16, 2023: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Louisa G Sylvia, Roberta E Tovey, Douglas Katz, Chelsea Boccagno, Audrey R Stromberg, Amy T Peters, Christina M Temes, Alexandra K Gold, Jessica Mow, Nicha Puvanich, Evan A Albury, Nicole J Stephan, Caylin M Faria, Andrew A Nierenberg, Masoud P Kamali
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is complicated by a dynamic, chronic course along with multiple comorbid psychiatric and medical conditions, making it challenging for clinicians to treat and patients to thrive. To efficiently manage the complexity of BD and help patients recover, we developed a Focused Integrated Team-based Treatment Program for Bipolar Disorder (FITT-BD). The purpose of this paper is to describe how we developed this clinic and the lessons we learned. METHODS: We developed FITT-BD by integrating strategies from stepped care, collaborative care, and learning health care systems...
April 27, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Jennifer Moriatis Wolf, Laurent Mathieu, Scott Tintle, Kenneth Wilson, Shai Luria, Stephanie Vandentorren, Marie Boussaud, Jason Strelzow
INTRODUCTION AND DEFINITIONS: Civilian gunshot violence is a growing public health issue on a global scale. Treatment of patients with gunshot injuries is based on algorithms derived from military studies, but the distinct differences in weaponry, energy of injury, timing and type of care, and environment translate to a gap in knowledge. With a focus on non-accidental gunshot trauma and excluding suicide etiologies, we propose to build a collaborative research group to address important questions focused on best practices for gunshot injury patients...
April 28, 2023: Injury
Jonathan Delman, Diana Arntz, Anne Whitman, Hannah Skiest, Katherine Kritikos, Paul Alves, Valeria Chambers, Ryan Markley, Jacqueline Martinez, Cynthia Piltch, Sandra Whitney-Sarles, Julia London, Derri Shtasel, Corinne Cather
Attempts to meaningfully engage people with serious mental illnesses (SMI) as allies in conducting research have often failed because researchers tend to decide on the research topic without including community members. Academic researchers can avoid this pitfall by collaborating with community members to conduct a needs assessment to identify relevant research topics and build trust. Here, we report on the results of a psychosocial needs assessment for adult mental health service users in Massachusetts conducted by an academic-peer research team...
May 13, 2023: Health Promotion Practice
Nicklas Neuman, Pernilla Sandvik, Ninni Bellini Lindholm, Katharina Bömer-Schulte, Elin Lövestam
A category of symptoms that became characteristic early in the first wave of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic was chemosensory dysfunctions (alterations of smell and taste). Such symptoms substantially affect food and eating-cornerstones for both nutrition-related health outcomes and for quality of life. Based on this, this scoping review aimed to map out existing scientific literature on food-related experiences and related behavioral responses among people affected by chemosensory dysfunctions following COVID-19...
May 12, 2023: Research in Nursing & Health
J Frayne, R Ellies, T Nguyen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of women living with severe mental illnesses making decisions about psychotropic medication use in pregnancy and breastfeeding, and what helped or hindered the decision-making process. METHODS: We report on a qualitative study from 12 women who attended the pregnancy service between May 2018 and June 2019. Interviews occurred at 4-6 weeks postpartum on women with severe mental illnesses, which was nested within a larger mixed-methods study...
May 12, 2023: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Andrew Thompson, Joanna Fitzsimons, Eoin Killackey, Susannah Ahern, Paul Amminger, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Michael Berk, Sue Cotton, John McNeil, Patrick McGorry, Barnaby Nelson, Brian O'Donoghue, Aswin Ratheesh, Debra Rickwood, Alison Yung, Stephen Wood
OBJECTIVES: The field of early psychosis has undergone considerable expansion over the last few decades and has a strong evidence base of effectiveness. Like all areas of healthcare, however, early psychosis services need to more consistently deliver higher quality care to achieve better outcomes for patients and families. A national clinical research infrastructure is urgently required to enable the sector to deliver the highest quality care and expand and translate evidence more quickly and efficiently...
May 12, 2023: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Roula Markoulakis, Hinaya Cader, Samantha Chan, Sugy Kodeeswaran, Tracey Addison, Cathy Walsh, Amy Cheung, Jocelyn Charles, Deepy Sur, Michael Scarpitti, David Willis, Anthony Levitt
INTRODUCTION: Transitional-aged youth (TAY) with mental health and/or addictions (MHA) concerns and their families experience significant challenges finding, accessing, and transitioning through needed MHA care. To develop appropriate supports that assist TAY and their families in navigating MHA care, their experiences of transitions in the MHA care system must be better understood. This scoping review identifies and explores the needs, barriers, and facilitators for TAY and their families when transitioning through MHA care...
May 10, 2023: BMC Health Services Research
Neha N Patel
BACKGROUND: Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, 20% percent of the adult population in the US experienced mental illness annually. Since the COVID-19 pandemic, 93% of countries have reported disruptions to mental health services. The demand for services is high while infrastructure and qualified professionals are appallingly low. Healthcare in the correctional setting is unique, where mental illness prevalence is double that in the community. The intersection of policies and procedures and the beneficence plus non-maleficence responsibility of healthcare professionals is exceptionally complex...
May 8, 2023: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Laura K Krecko, Lily N Stalter, Sudha R Pavuluri Quamme, Linsey M Steege, Amy B Zelenski, Caprice C Greenberg, Sarah Jung
Interprofessional education during medical training may improve communication by promoting collaboration and the development of shared mental models between professions. We implemented a novel discussion-based intervention for surgical residents and nurses to promote mutual understanding of workflows and communication practices. General surgery residents and inpatient nurses from our institution were recruited to participate. Surveys and paging data were collected prior to and following the intervention. Surveys contained original questions and validated subscales...
May 10, 2023: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Ronald G Thompson, Samuel Mullinax, Robert De Monte, Sacha McBain, Austin Porter, Carly Eastin, Sara J Landes, Michael P Wilson
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to determine the effectiveness of a self-administered computerized mental health screening tool in a general acute care emergency department (ED). METHODS: Changes in patient care (diagnosis of a past-year psychiatric disorder, request for psychiatric consultation, psychiatric referral at discharge, or transfer to psychiatric facility) and patient ED return visits (3 months after discharge vs. 3 months before) were assessed among ED physicians (N=451) who received patients' computerized screening reports (N=207) and those who did not (N=244)...
May 10, 2023: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Shekinah G Baum, Courtney Kominek, Terri Jorgenson, Abigail Brooks, Kellie Rose
DISCLAIMER: In an effort to expedite the publication of articles, AJHP is posting manuscripts online as soon as possible after acceptance. Accepted manuscripts have been peer-reviewed and copyedited, but are posted online before technical formatting and author proofing. These manuscripts are not the final version of record and will be replaced with the final article (formatted per AJHP style and proofed by the authors) at a later time. PURPOSE: This descriptive review aims to describe the impact of controlled substance prescriptive authority (CSPA) among Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)-registered clinical pharmacist practitioners (pharmacists) within the Veterans Health Administration (VA)...
May 9, 2023: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Melina Heimer, Sandra Schmitz, Marc Teschler, Hendrik Schäfer, Emma R Douma, Mirela Habibovic, Willem J Kop, Thorsten Meyer, Frank C Mooren, Boris Schmitz
AIMS: To provide a quantitative analysis of eHealth-supported interventions on health outcomes in cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR) maintenance (phase III) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and to identify effective behavioral change techniques (BCTs). METHODS: A systematic review was conducted (PubMed, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Web of Science) to summarize and synthesize the effects of eHealth in phase III maintenance on health outcomes including physical activity (PA) and exercise capacity, quality of life (QoL), mental health, self-efficacy, clinical variables, and events/rehospitalization...
May 8, 2023: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Yan Huo, Leah Couzner, Tim Windsor, Kate Laver, Nadeeka N Dissanayaka, Monica Cations
BACKGROUND: Healthcare services can be re-traumatising for trauma survivors where they trigger memories of past distressing events and exert limits to a survivor's sense of autonomy, choice, and control. The benefits of receiving trauma-informed healthcare are well established; however, factors that promote or impede the implementation of trauma-informed care are not yet well characterised and understood. The aim of this review was to systematically identify and synthesise evidence regarding factors that promote or reduce the implementation of TIC in healthcare settings...
May 5, 2023: Implementation science communications
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