Abimael Ortiz-Chura, Gisela Marcoppido, José Gere, Gustavo Depetris, Francisco Stefañuk, Marcos D Trangoni, Silvio L Cravero, Claudia Faverín, Angel Cataldi, María E Cerón-Cucchi
Background and Aim: Nitrate (NO3 - ) reduces enteric methane emissions and could be a source of non-protein nitrogen in ruminant feeds. Nonetheless, it has a potential toxic effect that could compromise animal health and production. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of progressive inclusion of NO3 - in the diet on the hematological, biochemical, and blood gases parameters, in turn, the effects on feed intake and live weight gain (LWG) in Holstein calves. Materials and Methods: Eighteen Holstein heifers and steers (nine animals/treatment) were maintained in individual pens for 45 days...
January 2021: Veterinary World
J Jankowski, K Ognik, Z Całyniuk, A Stępniowska, P Konieczka, D Mikulski
An assumption was made in the study that the optimal inclusion levels and ratios of lysine (Lys), arginine (Arg) and methionine (Met) in diets with Lys content consistent with National Research Council (NRC) recommendations (1994) contribute to stimulate the antioxidant defense system and prevent disorders resulting from the oxidation and nitration of biologically important molecules. The experiment was carried out on 864 one-day-old Hybrid Converter turkeys divided into six experimental groups (8 replicates per group and 18 birds per replicate) receiving different levels of Arg and Met...
February 23, 2021: Animal
Michaela L Sundqvist, Jon O Lundberg, Eddie Weitzberg, Mattias Carlström
AIM: The inorganic anions nitrate and nitrite are oxidation products of nitric oxide (NO) that have often been used as an index of NO generation. More than just being surrogate markers of NO, nitrate/nitrite can recycle to bioactive NO again. Nitrate is predominantly eliminated via the kidneys, however, there is less knowledge regarding the tubular handling. The aim of this study, as part of a large randomized controlled trial, was to explore potential sex differences in renal nitrate handling during low and high dietary nitrate intake...
February 25, 2021: Acta Physiologica
K A Wickham, S W Steele, S S Cheung
PURPOSE: Cold-induced vasodilation (CIVD) is a paradoxical rise in blood flow to the digits that occur during prolonged cold exposure. CIVD is thought to occur through active vasodilation and/or sympathetic withdrawal, where nitric oxide (NO) may play a key role in mediating these mechanisms. Beetroot juice (BRJ) is high in dietary nitrate (NO3 - ) which undergoes sequential reduction to nitrite (NO2 - ) and subsequently NO. Using a double-blind, randomized, crossover design, we examined the effect of acute BRJ supplementation on the CIVD response in 10 healthy males...
February 23, 2021: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Thiago Silveira Alvares, Gustavo Vieira de Oliveira, Mônica Volino-Souza, Carlos Adam Conte-Junior, Juan Manuel Murias
Dietary nitrate consumption from foods such as beetroot has been associated with many physiological benefits including improvements in vascular health and exercise performance. More recently, attention has been given to the use of dietary nitrate as a nutritional strategy to optimize muscular performance during resistance exercise. Our purpose was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the research literature assessing the effect of dietary nitrate ingestion on muscular strength and muscular endurance...
February 8, 2021: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Anna Kiss, Ágoston Temesi, Orsolya Tompa, Zoltán Lakner, Sándor Soós
BACKGROUND: The tool kits of bibliometrics and science mapping provide a standard methodology to map the knowledge base of specific fields of science. The aim of the present research is the analysis of the recent international trends of sport nutrition science, as well as the primary identification of the research topics and results of sport nutrition science via enhanced bibliometric methods for the 2000-2018 time period. METHODS: Altogether, 3889 publications were included in this study...
February 5, 2021: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Vanessa R Coffman, Anja Søndergaard Jensen, Betina B Trabjerg, Carsten B Pedersen, Birgitte Hansen, Torben Sigsgaard, Jørn Olsen, Inger Schaumburg, Jörg Schullehner, Marie Pedersen, Leslie T Stayner
BACKGROUND: High levels of nitrate (<mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:mrow> <mml:msubsup> <mml:mi>NO</mml:mi> <mml:mn>3</mml:mn> <mml:mo>-</mml:mo> </mml:msubsup> </mml:mrow> </mml:math>) in drinking water cause methemoglobinemia in infants; however, few studies have examined the potential effects of low-level exposure on fetal growth, and the results have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the association between maternal exposure to nitrate in drinking water during pregnancy and offspring size at birth in a nationwide study of full-term (<mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www...
February 2021: Environmental Health Perspectives
Akarachai Tubsakul, Weerapon Sangartit, Poungrat Pakdeechote, Veerapol Kukongviriyapan, Kwanjit Apaijit, Upa Kukongviriyapan
Lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) are environmental pollutants and nonessential elements in the body. Both metals induce the development of hypertension which is associated with oxidative stress. Curcumin (CUR) is a polyphenolic compound with strong antioxidant activity. The present study evaluated the effect of CUR on oxidative stress, alteration of vascular responsiveness and hypertension induced by exposure to either Pb, Cd or the combination of Pb and Cd. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to low level of lead acetate (100 mg/L) and/or cadmium chloride (10 mg/L) in the drinking water for 16 weeks...
2021: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Ravi A Kumar, Rachel C Kelley, Dongwoo Hahn, Leonardo F Ferreira
KEY POINTS: Respiratory muscle function declines with ageing, contributing to breathing complications in the elderly. Here we report greater in vitro respiratory muscle contractile function in old mice receiving supplemental NaNO3 for 14 days compared with age-matched controls. Myofibrillar protein phosphorylation, which enhances contractile function, did not change in our study - a finding inconsistent with the hypothesis that this post-translational modification is a mechanism for dietary nitrate to improve muscle contractile function...
October 2020: Journal of Physiology
Vicky Chan, Kenneth Lo
PURPOSE: Different dietary supplements aimed at improving sleep quality are available on the market, but there has not been a comprehensive review to evaluate the efficacy of these dietary supplements on subjective sleep quality. We aimed to summarise up-to-date research evidence and to identify the types of dietary supplement that improve subjective sleep quality. METHODS: Multiple databases (Ovid Emcare, Ovid MEDLINE (R) and Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations and APA PsycInfo) were used for searching papers published until August 2020...
January 13, 2021: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Thi Thu Thuy Nguyen, Md Javed Foysal, Ravi Fotedar, Sanjay Kumar Gupta, Muhammad A B Siddik, Chin-Yen Tay
Feeding freshwater crayfish species with different diets not only affects the water quality but also induces the abundance of various microbial communities in their digestive tracts. In this context, very limited research has been undertaken to understand the impacts of various protein incorporated aqua-diets on the characteristics of water and its microbial communities. In this study, we have critically analysed the water quality parameters including pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrate, nitrite, ammonia and phosphorus, as well as bacterial communities under marron (Cherax cainii) aquaculture, fed fishmeal (FM) and poultry by-product meal (PBM)-based diets for 60 days...
January 11, 2021: Microbial Ecology
Amanda M Dumar, Anna F Huntington, Rebecca R Rogers, Thomas J Kopec, Tyler D Williams, Christopher G Ballmann
Diurnal fluctuations in power output have been well established with power loss typically occurring in morning (AM) times. Beetroot juice (BRJ) is a source of dietary nitrate that possess ergogenic properties, but it is unknown if ingestion can mitigate performance decrements in the morning. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of acute BRJ supplementation on diurnal fluctuations in anaerobic performance in trained sprinters. Male Division 1 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sprinters ( n = 10) participated...
January 7, 2021: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Leticia Cristina Radin Pereira, Oliver Michael Shannon, Mohsen Mazidi, Abrar Mohammed Babateen, Ammar Waham Ashor, Blossom Christa Maree Stephan, Mario Siervo
This study evaluated the association of urinary nitrate concentrations with cognition in older subjects enrolled in the NHANES study. We also explored whether associations between urinary nitrate and cognition were modified by cardiovascular risk, vitamin D status and vitamin C intake. Two NHANES cycles were merged (2011-2012 and 2013-2014) and a total of 1,015 adults aged 60-80 (69.4 ± 0.3) years were included. Cognition was assessed using the Word List Learning, Word List Recall, Animal Fluency and the Digit Symbol Substitution tests...
January 4, 2021: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Marissa N Baranauskas, Cody A Altherr, Allison H Gruber, Andrew R Coggan, John S Raglin, Samir K Gupta, Stephen J Carter
Background: Postmenopausal women exhibit higher rates of disability and cardiovascular disease (CVD) with aging compared to men. Whereas habitual exercise training is a known strategy to enhance physiologic function in men and premenopausal women, exercise-related adaptations are often modest in postmenopausal women. We propose dietary nitrate (beetroot juice) administered prior to exercise training may be a feasible approach to improve mobility and cardio-metabolic health outcomes in postmenopausal women...
March 2021: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Jeroen P Kooman, Peter Stenvinkel, Paul G Shiels, Martin Feelisch, Bernard Canaud, Peter Kotanko
Hemodialysis patients repeatedly undergo intradialytic low arterial oxygen saturation, as well as low central venous oxygen saturation, reflecting an imbalance between upper body systemic oxygen supply and demand, which are associated with increased mortality. Abnormalities along the entire oxygen cascade, with impaired diffusive and convective oxygen transport, contribute to the reduced tissue oxygen supply. Dialysis treatment impairs pulmonary gas exchange and reduces ventilatory drive, whereas ultrafiltration can reduce tissue perfusion due to a decline in cardiac output...
December 28, 2020: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Claudiu Ștefan Ursachi, Simona Perța-Crișan, Florentina-Daniela Munteanu
Meat products represent an important component of the human diet, their consumption registering a global increase over the last few years. These foodstuffs constitute a good source of energy and some nutrients, such as essential amino acids, high biological value proteins, minerals like iron, zinc, selenium, manganese and B-complex vitamins, especially vitamin B12. On the other hand, nutritionists have associated high consumption of processed meat with an increased risk of several diseases. Researchers and processed meat producers are involved in finding methods to eliminate nutritional deficiencies and potentially toxic compounds, to obtain healthier products and at the same time with no affecting the sensorial quality and safety of the meat products...
December 17, 2020: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Letizia Rasica, Simone Porcelli, Ulrich Limper, Simona Mrakic-Sposta, Raffaele Mazzolari, Fabrizio Gelmini, Giangiacomo Beretta, Mauro Marzorati
Nitric oxide seems to be involved in the altitude acclimatization process due to its ability to regulate pulmonary, cardiovascular and muscular responses to hypoxia. In this study, we investigated the plasma nitrate (NO3 - ) and nitrite (NO2 - ) response to hypobaric hypoxia in two groups of lowlanders exposed at different altitudes. For seven days, fourteen subjects were evaluated at Casati Hut (3269 m a.s.l. M.CEVEDALE) and eleven individuals were studied at Capanna Regina Margherita (4554 m a.s.l. M.ROSA)...
December 17, 2020: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Khandaker Ahtesham Ahmed, Kiyoung Kim, Karina Ricart, William Van Der Pol, Xiaoping Qi, Marcas M Bamman, Christian Behrens, Gordon Fisher, Michael E Boulton, Casey Morrow, Pamela V O'Neal, Rakesh P Patel
Reduction of salivary nitrate to nitrite by oral nitrate reductase (NR) expressing bacteria has emerged as an integral pathway in regulating nitric oxide (NO) homeostasis and signaling. The oral microbiome is critical for this pathway. Variations in this pathway may underlie variable responses in the magnitude by which dietary or therapeutic nitrate modulates NO-signaling. The relationships between oral microbes and NR activity, and the factors that affect this relationship remain unclear however. Using a cross-sectional study design, the objective of this study was to determine the relationships between oral microbes and oral NR activity using a protocol that directly measures initial NR activity...
December 12, 2020: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Masahiro Horiuchi, Gabriella M K Rossetti, Samuel J Oliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2021: Neural Regeneration Research
Edgar J Gallardo, Derrick A Gray, Richard L Hoffman, Brandon A Yates, Ranjani N Moorthi, Andrew R Coggan
We have recently demonstrated that dietary nitrate, a source of nitric oxide (NO) via the nitrate → nitrite → NO enterosalivary pathway, can improve muscle contractility in healthy older men and women. Nitrate ingestion has also been shown to reduce blood pressure in some, but not all, studies of older individuals. However, the optimal dose for eliciting these beneficial effects is unknown. A pilot randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study was therefore performed to determine the effects of ingesting 3...
December 10, 2020: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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